The Origins Of Food By Continent

Skip straight to the list ‘Origins Of Food By Continent’ further down on this page

 

On this page you have a list of food origins. It is quite extensive covering livestock, fruits & nuts, vegetables, spices & herbs, seafood, grains, mushrooms and dairy products. If you think anything should be included just let me know, use the “Contact” button on the left.

My main goal has been to create a resource that will put the origins of food in focus. I myself have always nurtured an interest for this but I can imagine that it is of interest to others as well. I have collected this information almost exclusively from online sources, in particular the fantastic Wikipedia. There are other great places, like Gernot Katzer’s Spice Pages that I time and again has returned to. I can highly recommend these for further reading.

Discussing origins is quite hard since these many times are debated topics, I reserve myself from any errors in my information since I am a layman, if you have better info just let me know and I will be sure to correct it straight away. I have tried to illustrate botanical and/or domestication origins when appropriate.

There are also pages linking from this one to others of my pages on the same topic: origins. Click the links below to get there.

An Alphabetic List Of Food Origins – The list below but straight A-Z

An Alphabetical List Of Vegetables

An Alphabetical List Of Fruits & Nuts

An Alphabetical List Of Spices & Herbs

An Alphabetical List Of Grains & Cereals

An Alphabetical List Of Livestock Animals

An Alphabetical List Of Cultivated Edible Mushrooms

A List Of Edible Fish And Seafood

A List Of Dairy Products

A little about the list. The text in gray next to each item is the classification I have attributed to it, it is not scientifically correct. Each of these categories can be found on separate pages on this site (see the links above). In parenthesis next to the name you have any English disambiguations. Many foods are native to several continents, so they appear in more than one place. There are many names for these, some of the ambiguations you can find in parenthesis next to the name. Please use the browser search function by pressing Ctrl+f if you are looking for a specific word. If the first match is not correct, press enter to go to the next. If there is no match this page does not contain that term.

Origins Of Food By Continent

The division between continents is not completely accurate, I have limited North America to USA and Canada. The reasons are that it works better, the meso american cultures has created a similarity between the other regions of America – the flora is also more uniform between them. Click on the desired region on the world map below to go straight there.

worldmap

All Continents

African map small

Africa

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Asia

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Australia & Oceania


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Europe

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North America

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South America
Central America
Caribbean, Mexico




All Continents (not counting Antarctica)

Abalone are large seasnails found in oceans all over the world, they dwell best in cold waters. Most are found off Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Western us and Japan. Is a successfully farmed seafood. Fish & Seafood

Amaranth (also Chinese spinach) are several species found in warmer climates throughout the world, partly they are grown for the grain. It is also used as leaf vegatable and is very popular in parts of Africa and Asia. Grains & Cereals

Anchovy is a small fish. Salted and canned in brine it is consumed all over the world. Native to all seas, prefer temperate waters. There are about 140 species. Fish & Seafood

Anglerfish is a group of fish found all over the world. The name comes from a kind of fleshy rod protuding from the head, acting as a lure. Fish & Seafood

Barnacles are species belonging to the family cirripedia. Fish & Seafood

Bass are a number of fish species that are both fresh-and saltwater dwelling. Belongs to the family perciformes. Exist in all continents except Antartica. The big brother in the family is the grouper that can weigh 100 kg. Fish & Seafood

Billfish include the species swordfish, sailfish and marlin, they all have a sword like beak used for hunting. Migratory species that are found in temparate to tropicl waters around the world. Fish & Seafood

Bluefish is found in temperate to tropical waters around the world. Fish & Seafood

Bream is a group of both fresh- and saltwater dwelling fish. The gilt-head bream common in the Mediterranean is the most important for food. The freshwater bluegill is common in North America. Fish & Seafood

Catfish are a number of species that vary a lot in size. Native to all continents except Antartica. Have been cultivated for hundreds of years. Cultivated. Fish & Seafood

Chiton are species of primitive shellfish. Are found worldwide in oceans. Has been eaten by indigenous people in the Americas. Fish & Seafood

Chives is a small strong tasting onion, the stalks are the culinary part. Native to all continents except Antartica. Spices & Herbs, Vegetables

Clam is a very confusing general name that can mean a lot of things. One, that I use, is that they are bivalves that burrow in sediment, which separates them from bivalves that cling to other things or that swim freely that would be scallops. Fish & Seafood

Cockle a group of clams that belong to the cardiidae family. Found all over the world, very popular food in China. Fish & Seafood

Crabs is a group of several thousands species. Living salt- and freshwater around the world. Commercially very important. The largest is the Red king crab. Fish & Seafood

Crayfish are several species living in freshwater. Related to true lobster. Carrion eaters. Are found all over the world. Fish & Seafood

Dog have been domesticated for at least 14000 years and are all related to wild wolfs. The practice of eating dog in Korea has been widely criticized in the West but that is done with a short memory. Dogs were kept as pets, for hunt and for security but if the going got tough and there was no food on the table – that was when the dog got eaten. Livestock

Eel are over 800 species found in sweet and salt water all over the world, snake like. Many times the term refer to eels of the species anguillidae that live in sweetwater and procreate by migrating to certain salt water areas (like the Sargasso Sea). The biggest species are morays. Fish & Seafood

Elder and Elder berry is a number of species spread around the world. Common in as a spice are flavour in various European kitchens. Spices & Herbs

Elderberry (also elder, sambucus) are native to temperate regions around the world. Fruits & Nuts

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Green bean (French bean, runner bean) is just a collective name for most culinary fresh beans. Vegetables

Juniper berry grows on junipers. Used in northern European cooking. Used to flavour gin. Spices & Herbs

Langust also called spiny lobster or rock lobster is a group of crustaceans related to true lobster. They are found in warm waters in all oceans. Fish & Seafood

Mackerell is a collective name for number of species, most of them of the “scombridae” family. They are found in temperate and tropical seas around the world. Include bonito and king mackerell. Fish & Seafood

Mantis shrimp is not a shrimp but belongs to another family of crustraceans. Found in oceans around the world, lives in warm water. Fish & Seafood

Mint (also mentha) is a generic term for various species, varieties and hybrids of plants native to all continents except Antartica. Examples are spearmint and the hybrid peppermint. Many times used in candies but also to flavour meat. Not all plants that are called mints belong to this family. Spices & Herbs

Mussels are several species of clams that all have an almost oval shape. brown and blue mussels are common commercial species that are also cultivated. They thrive best in temperate waters, are native to all oceans. Fish & Seafood

Octopus are a group of molluscs that have eight arms. They are quite intelligent and commonly can use ink as a defence mechanism while fleeing. The larger species can have a arm span of over 4 meters and weigh up to 70kg. They are found in all oceans and are readily caught as food. Fish & Seafood

Oyster mushroom is a mushroom found throughout the world and largely cultivated. The origin is not defined. Mushrooms

Oysters are several species belonging to the ostreidae family. Many are eaten by humans, raw or cooked. They are found in salt and semi-salt waters in all oceans. They are cultivated on a big scale. Fish & Seafood

Perch is a large family of fish containing among many others walleye and pike-perch. They are freshwater dwelling and found around the world. Fish & Seafood

Prawn is a collective name for various species that can be salt- or freshwater dwellers. Found in all oceans, few are commercially fished in Europe where shrimp are dominant. The big tiger prawn and the Atlantic white shrimp are examples. The terms shrimp and prawn are used interchangably, biologically there are differences. Many species are cultivated. Fish & Seafood

Sardine or pilchard are several species of small oily fish. Most commonly eaten canned in brine or grilled. Native to all oceans. Fish & Seafood

Scallops are found in all oceans. They are cultivated. All scallops are migratory which means they don´t burrow themselves but swim around. They are priced food. An interesting specie is the ocean quahog that can live to be over 400 years old! Fish & Seafood

Sea cucumbers are found in all oceans. They are readily eaten and very popular in East Asia. They are cultivated, mainly in China. Fish & Seafood

Sea lettuce (also aosa) are species of edible green algae growing in all the world oceans. Traditionally eaten in China, Japan, Korea, Scandinavia and on the British Isles. Vegetables

Sea snails is part of a huge family that include all land dwelling species. The abalone is the most famous but many others are harvested and eaten throughout the world. Are found in all habitats including oceans and freshwater. Fish & Seafood

Sea urchin belong to a big family called echinoidea. Are found in all oceans and is a popular seafood. Fish & Seafood

Shrimp is a collective term for various species. They can live in fresh- or saltwater. Found all over the world. They are farmed in many places. Fish & Seafood

Slipper lobsters are a number of species found in all oceans. Sometimes called “bugs” since they ressemble insects. Fish & Seafood

Snapper are several species, the most famous being red snapper. Are domestic in tropical and sub tropical waters around the world. Fish & Seafood

Snow fungus (also silver ear) is another “jelly mushroom”. Is native in most sub-tropical regions over the world. Mushrooms

Squat lobster is the name for a number of species. Found all over the world in saltwater. Fish & Seafood

Squid belong to a family called called teuthida, Erranously they are often described as having 10 arms separating them from octopusus, that is only true for some of them, most of them have 8 arms and two long tentacles. They are not as intelligent as octopusus, they don´t have ink bladders. The biggest species are deep sea dwelling and can weigh up to 500 kg. They are found in all oceans. Fish & Seafood

Sumac is a number of species that are native to temperate regions around the world. Both the fruits of this bush has culinary uses both as a spice and for other. Spices & Herbs

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Tilefish is a name for several species, important for commercial fishing. Domestic in temperate waters around the world. Fish & Seafood

Truffles this legendary culinary mushroom is a type of a “tuber mushroom”. The several hundred species are found all over the world. Cultivation has been in practice since the 19th century, they grow on certain tree roots, however creating host trees has not been successful. Mushrooms

Tuna are several species of fish belonging to the scombridae family. Very important commercial fish, several species are endangered. Domestic to all oceans, generally in temperate and tropical waters. Have recently started to be bred commercially. Fish & Seafood

Africa

Ackee (also achee, akee apple, akee, vegetable brain) is native to tropical regions of West Africa. Fruits & Nuts

African cherry orange (also omuboro, West African cherry orange, Uganda cherry orange) is native to Central and Western Africa. Fruits & Nuts

African Medlar is rural to South Africa. Apple like. Fruits & Nuts

Ajwain (also ajowan caraway, carom seeds) was used already by the Egyptians. Today it is used all the way from India to Ethiopia. Origins in Afria and the Middle East. Spices & Herbs

Alexanders (also alisanders horse parsley, smyrnium) is native to North Africa, Europe and southwestern Asia. Appreciated by both Romans and Greeks, replaced today by the similar celery. Spices & Herbs

Anise (also aniseed) is native to the Mediterranean and southwestern Asia. In use in Europe and Asia. Spices & Herbs

Asparagus are several types, originally native to West Asia, North Africa and Europe. Vegetables

Barley Wild barley is native to Africa, Europe and Asia. Widely grown as a base for beverages like beer. Very important in Europe before wheat took over. Grains & Cereals

Cabbage (also head cabbage, heading cabbage) was cultivated in ancient times from wild mustard native to the Mediterranean. Vegetables

Calabash (also bottle gourd) are various species native to the tropics around the old world. Widely used as a container. Fruits & Nuts

Candlenut (also candleberry, Indian walnut, kukui nut tree) is native to tropical regions around the world. Common in cuisines in Southeast Asia and on Hawaii. Spices & Herbs

Caraway (also Persian cumin, Meridian fennel) is native to West Asia, North Africa and Europe. Are grown for their small fruits that are very popular in cuisines in Europe. Not to be confused with cumin so common in Indian cuisine. Spices & Herbs

Carob is native to the Mediterranean. The pod was popular in many ancient cultures like the Egyptian. Fruits & Nuts

Cassava (also yuca, manioc, aipim) is a root vegetable native to South America and perhaps West Africa but has spread around the world and is an important staple food in Africa. Eaten cooked or made into flour. Vegetables

Cattle of the family bovinae is one of our most important and loved livestock animals. They have been domesticated for over 8000 years providing us with milk and dairy products. Today they are spread out all over the world, originally they all stem from a now extinct wild species known as auroch, these huge animals lived in Europe, Asia and North Africa. There are many breeds all around the world, specialiced in producing milk, leather or meat. Livestock

Chard (also perpetual spinach, Swiss chard, silver beet, spinach beet, crab beet, mangold,) are the cultivars of beet with edible leafs. Descendant of the wild sea beet native to parts of Europe, Africa and Asia. Vegetables

Cheese is manufactured by various methods of coagulating milk and thus removing liquid called whey, rennet is normally added to this “curd” to make it stabilize. The cheese can then sit to let ripen creating taste with thge help of bacteria and sometimes mold fungus. There are hundreds of methods where cheese can be cooked, dried or flavoured before consumed. The orgin of cheese is uncertain, but to say several thousands of years ago somewhere in the Middle East, Europe or Northern Africa you won´t be wrong. Dairy Products

Clawed lobsters are two saltwater dwelling species only found in the Atlantic north of the equator. Priced for their good taste. Fish & Seafood

Clementine is a variety of the mandarin orange, it is believed to have its origins in either Algeria or China. Most of the time seedless. Fruits & Nuts

Coconut is found in tropical regions around the world. Has spread with the help of currents and migration. Fresh green coconut are popular for its liquid. The dried older coconuts provide the white pulp from which many products are made, among them coconut milk. Fruits & Nuts

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Coffee (also coffea) is native to sub tropical regions of Africa and Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Collard greens was cultivated from wild cabbage native to the Mediterranean. Vegetables

Common Quail has been domesticated for hundreds of years. They provide eggs and meat. Native to Asia and Africa. Livestock

Common sole native to the Eastern North Atlantic until the Mediterranean. Very popular, the meat is expensive. Fish & Seafood

Coriander is native to South Europe, North Africa and Southwest Asia. Is a plant whose leaves and fruits (seeds) are used. The leaves are also known as cilantro, coriander leaves and Chinese parsley. Is an integral part of many cuisines all over the world. Spices & Herbs

Corn salad (also Lewiston corn salad, lamb’s lettuce, field salad, rapunzel) is a leafy green native to Europe, western Asia and North Africa. Vegetables

Cottage cheese is a loose “curd” that still holds quite a lot of whey. Often mild in flavour. Can be made with or withour rennet with different results. Origin and age is quite unknown, it can probably be connected with general cheese making. Dairy Products

Cuban oregano (also Spanish thyme, Indian borage, Mexican thyme, Mexican mint) is native to South and East Africa but quickly spread to the Americas. Very similar to oregano in taste, hence the name. Spices & Herbs

Cultured buttermilk you get from adding a lactic bacteria to milk provocing a fermentation process. Can be used in bread or icecream making. A related products is the Swedish “filmjölk”. Origin is somewhere in Europe, Asia or Africa.Dairy Products

Curd is the solified form of milk when it has coagulated with the help of acid or rennet. Dairy Products

Cuttlefish related to squids and octopuses. Found in salt waters in East and South Asia, Europe, Africa and Australia. Fish & Seafood

Date come from the datepalm. Is native to desert oases in southwestern Asia and North Africa. Has been cultivated for at least 6000 years. Fruits & Nuts

Deer have only recently started to be domesticated for meat production. Deer are native to all continents except Australia and Antarctica. Livestock

Donkey is a relative to the horse. Has been domesticated for over 5000 years. Mainly a beast of burden but also provide meat. Donkey´s milk is considered to be healthy. Its ancestor is the African Wild Ass that is domestic to the north eastern part of Africa. Livestock

Ensete (also enset) is a relative of the banana native to tropical regions in Asia and Africa. It is a root vegetable with high per acre yield popular in parts of Africa. Vegetables

Fava bean (also broad bean, horse bean, field bean, bell bean, tic bean) is an important Old World bean, native to North Africa and Southwest Asia. Vegetables

Fennel seeds are harvested from the fennel herb native to the Mediterranean. in use for thousands of years. Ingredient in Asian and European kitchens. Spices & Herbs

Florence fennel (also finocchio) is a variety of the fennel herb that has a swollen root. Native to the coasts of the Mediterranean. Vegetables

Fonio is probably native to Africa where it is important today. Grains & Cereals

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Goose Are domesticated fowl from two species, one native to East Asia and the other to Europe, North Africa and Western Asia. There is proof that Egyptians bred them 3000 BC. Foodwise they provide meat and eggs. Livestock

Grains of paradise (also grains of paradise, melegueta pepper, alligator pepper, Guinea grains, Guinea pepper) are seeds from a plant native to West Africa. Common in African cuisines. Spices & Herbs

Grains of selim (also kimba pepper, African pepper, moor pepper, negro pepper, kani pepper, kili pepper, Senegal pepper, Ethiopian pepper, Guinea pepper) are seeds from a tree native to Africa. A pepper substitute sometimes confused with grains of paradise. Spices & Herbs

Grape are various species native to the northern hemisphere. Culturally extremely important it has been cultivated for at least 5000 years. Fruits & Nuts

Guineafowl This bird native to Africa has been bred for thousands of years. This important livestock has many functions in Africa, one of the more important is to provide meat. Today they are bred allover the world and cherished for their savoury meat. Livestock

Horned melon (also African horned cucumber/melon, gaka, jelly melon, hedged gourd, English tomato, melano, kiwano, blowfish fruit) is native to Africa. Fruits & Nuts

Hyacinth bean (also Indian bean, Egyptian bean) is native to Africa and South Asia. Vegetables

Imbé (also African mangosteen, Lowveld mangosteen) is native to Africa. Fruits & Nuts

Ivy gourd is native to tropical regions in Asia, Australia and Africa. Vegetables

Jamaican nutmeg (also calabash nutmeg, African nutmeg, African orchid nutmeg) is native to tropical regions of Africa. Is similar to nutmeg, hence the name. Spices & Herbs

Jasmine is a collective name for various species native to warmer regions in Africa, Europe and Asia. Very common in tea. It is mostly the flower that is used. Spices & Herbs

Korarima (also Ethiopian cardamom, false cardamom) is native to Africa where it is quite commonly used. Spices & Herbs

Lavender are flowers from plants used in cooking. They are several species native to Europe, Asia and Africa. Spices & Herbs

Lemon balm is a herb native to the Mediterranean. Belongs to the mint family and has a lemony scent and taste. Spices & Herbs

Luffa (also loofah, lufah) are several cultivars from wild species native to tropical regions in Africa and Asia. Popular in Asia. Looks a bit like a cucumber. Vegetables

Mahlad (also mahleb) is made from the seeds from the St Lucie cherry native to North Africa, Western and Central Asia and parts of Europe. A spice common in the Middle East. Spices & Herbs

Malukhiyah are leaves popular in African and Asian cuisines. The various species are native to warmer regions throughout the world. Vegetables

Malva (also mallow) is several species of plants native to Africa, Asia and Europe. The leafs are eaten. Vegetables

Marjoram (also sweet marjoram, knotted marjoram) is a plant native to the Mediterranean. The leafs are used as a culinary herb, mostly in Europe. Spices & Herbs

Marula is native to Africa. Fruits & Nuts

Milk is generally referring to pasteurized cow´s milk. It is known that 5000BC cows were already kept to retain it. With time it spread all over the world, however milk consumtion is a lot higher in the Western world than anywhere else. It is the base for many other products, of which some I have listed below: Dairy Products

Mulberry (also Morus) is a number of species af various shapes and colours. They are native to most regions on all continents except Australia. Fruits & Nuts

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Naartjie is a South African bred variety of the mandarin orange. Fruits & Nuts

Njangsa are seeds from a tree native to West Africa. Used for flavour and as a thickener. Spices & Herbs

Okra (also lady’s finger, gumbo) are green vegetable fruits from a plant native to West Africa. Vegetables

Onion is a collective name for several species in the allum family. Vegetables

Oregano (also wild marjoram) is a herb native to South Europe, Southwest Asia and the Mediterranean. There are many different cultivars that are typically connected to a region. Mostly used in Europe, Turkey, South and Central America. Spices & Herbs

Ostrich This big bird is native to Africa. It has been farmed on and off since Roman times; mainly for feathers, but also for meat and eggs. Livestock

Parsley is a mainly two varieties of a herb commonly used in cooking. Native to the Mediterranean. Spices & Herbs

Parsnip is a close relative to root parley and carrot. Has its origins in the Mediterranean. Very important in Europe before the potato arrived. Vegetables

Pea are several cultivars stemming from the wild pea that is native to the Mediterranean and the Middle East. Varieties are garden peas (of which there are several others) and split peas. Vegetables

Pear is a fruit native to Europe, Northern Africa and Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Pig is domesticated offspring from the Wild Boar. They were first bred by humans more than 9000 years ago. Were kept for their meat. The Wild Boar is native to Europe, North Africa and Asia. Livestock

Plaice are different species of flatfish native to the northern hemisphere. Popular. Fish & Seafood

Rabbits are native to all inhabited continents Australia where their introduction has had disastrous consequences for the ecosystem. Have been bred for meat and pelt for over a thousand years. Livestock

Rice was cultivated from wild rice first by the Chinese about 10000 years ago. Independantly that also happened in Nigeria about 1000 BC. Very important in tropical regions of the world. White rice is obtained through milling processes, brown rice is only milled once and considered a whole grain. Grains & Cereals

Rocket (also rucola, aragula) is a strong tasting leaf plant native to the Mediterranean. Vegetables

Root parsley (also Hamburg root parsley) is a type of parsley that has a root that can be used in cooking. It is native to the Mediterranean. Vegetables

Rose hip is a berry like fruit that grows on of rose bushes native to Europe, North America, Africa and Asia. Used for soups, jams and teas. Fruits & Nuts

Rosemary is a popular herb native to the Mediterranean. Spices & Herbs

Safflower is native to Europe, Asia and North Africa. In ancient times a common culinary herb, nowadays mostly grown for to produce oil. Spices & Herbs

Safou (also African pear) is native to Africa. Fruits & Nuts

Sage (also salvia, common sage, culinary sage, garden sage, kitchen sage) is native to the Mediterranean. There are a few cultivars. Spices & Herbs

Sea beet is the wild ancestor to vegetables like beetroot, chard and sugar beet. Native to parts of Africa, Asia and Europe. Vegetables

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Snakehead is a group of freshwtaer dwelling fish. Native to Africa nd Asia but spread around the world. Fish & Seafood

Sorghum is native to warmer regions around the world. Important in Africa, and southern Asia and Central America. Grains & Cereals

Sorrel is (also spinach dock, common sorrel, garden sorrel)is a herbal plant native to Europe, Asia and Africa. There are several related species that have the name sorrel in it. Spices & Herbs

Spiny monkey orange is native to Afrika. Fruits & Nuts

Stinging nettle (also common nettle) is native to Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America. Is similar and used in same ways as spinach. Spices & Herbs

Tamarind is native to Africa. Widely used in various Asian cuisines. Fruits & Nuts

Tarragon (also dragon herb, dragon´s wort) is a group of plants native to the northern hemisphere. The kind cultivated in Europe known as French tarragon is regarded as best from a culinary perspective. Spices & Herbs

Teff (also taf) is cultivated from a lovegrass native to Northeast Africa where it is an important grain. Grains & Cereals

Thyme is a collective name for several cultivars of a plant that is used as a herb, examples are lemon thyme and common thyme. Common in kitchens in Asia, Europe and Africa. Native to the Old World. Spices & Herbs

Tiger nut (also chufa sedge, yellow nut sedge, tiger nut sedge, earth almond) is a root vegetable believed to be native to warmer regions in Africa, Europe and Asia. Vegetables

Tilapia is a generic term for hundreds of species of sweet water fish with African origins. Have been cultivated for thousands of years and thus have been spread around the world. only live in warm water. Fish & Seafood

Walnut are several species native to the northern hemisphere. Fruits & Nuts

Waterleaf (also Surinam purslane, Philippine spinach, sweetheart, Florida spinach, Ceylon spinach) is a leafy herb important in tropical regions around the world. Native to both the New and the Old World. Vegetables

Watermelon has its origins in southern Africa. Fruits & Nuts

West Indian Gherkin (also West Indian burr gherkin, burr gherkin, burr cucumber) is native to West Africa. Related to the cucumber. Vegetables

Whey is the liquid that gets separated from the curd in cheese making. It can be used in baking or for other foods. Dairy Products

White mustard seeds (also yellow mustard) is seeds from a type of mustard. Not so common. Native to the Mediterranean. Spices & Herbs

Wild rice the wild ancestors of rice is still harvested in parts of North America. There are 4 main species, 3 domestic to North America and one to Asia and Africa. Grains & Cereals

Yam is several cultivars of root vegetables native to Asia and Africa. Sometimes confused with sweet potato but they are not the same thing. Vegetables

Asia

Ajwain (also ajowan caraway, carom seeds) was used already by the Egyptians. Today it is used all the way from India to Ethiopia. Origins in Africa and the Middle East. Spices & Herbs

Alexanders (also alisanders horse parsley, smyrnium) is native to North Africa, Europe and southwestern Asia. Appreciated by both Romans and Greeks, replaced today by the similar celery. Spices & Herbs

Almond is native to the Middle East. Fruits & Nuts

Amra is native to Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Anise (also aniseed) is native to the Mediterranean and southwestern Asia. In use in Europe and Asia. Spices & Herbs

Aonori (also green laver) is seaweed cultivated in Japan. Vegetables

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Apple all the apples we have today are believed to stem from an original species that grew in Central and Southwestern Asia. Today they have spread around the world and have been bred into over 7000 different kinds. Fruits & Nuts

Apricot is native to southwestern Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Arhat is native to Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Armenian cucumber (also yard long cucumber, snake cucumber, snake melon, uri) is a cultivar of melon with origin in the southwestern Asia. Vegetables

Asafoetida (also devil´s dung, asant, food of the gods, stinking gum) is native to Southern Asia and the Middle East. Smelly when raw, common in some Indian cuisines. Spices & Herbs

Asparagus are several types, originally native to West Asia, North Africa and Europe. Vegetables

Aubergine (also eggplant, melongene, brinjal) is native to South Asia, it was cultivated first in India. Vegetables

Ayran is a drink mix of yogurt, water and salt. It is from the Middle East. Dairy Products

Azuki bean was domesticated thousands of years ago in the Himalayas. Vegetables

Bactrian camel is of the family camelidae and distinguishes themselves with two impressive lumps of fat on their back, many times just referred to as “camel”. Native to northeastern Asia. A great beast of burden but also a provider of milk and meat. Livestock

Bael (also bilva, wood apple) is native to South and Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Baked milk has its roots in Russia where it is still popular. By simmering milk on low temperature for many hours a brownish sweet liquid with a crust is obtained, industrial methods differ. Is used for desserts and baking sweet breads. Dairy Products

Bamboo shoot (also bamboo sprout) is like the name suggest sprouts from some types of bamboo that are just out of the ground. Bamboos are native to Australia, Asia, Africa and the Americas but was only traditionally cultivated for sprouts in Asia. Vegetables

Banana (also pisang) and softer varieties of the the musa family. Native to Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Barley Wild barley is native to Africa, Europe and Asia. Widely grown as a base for beverages like beer. Very important in Europe before wheat took over. Grains & Cereals

Basil is native to tropical regions in Asia. There are several varieties. The one common in Italian cuisine is known as sweet basil, Asian varieties are Thai basil, African basil, lemon basil and holy basil. Nowadays it is cultivated all over the world. Spices & Herbs

Bay leaf (also bay laurel) is to southwestern Asia but common today in parts of India and Asia. Several similar species are “incorrectly” labeled bay leaves, the include California-, Indonesian- and Indian bay leaf which are unrelated. Spices & Herbs

Beach mushroom (also shimeji) is native to East Asia. Mushrooms

Beetroot (garden beet, red beet, table beet) is a common cultivated variety of beet that is native to Europe and Asia. Both root and leafs can be used. Vegetables

Bengal fig (also Indian fig, Indian banyan) is native to South Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Betel nut is actually areca nuts wrapped in betel leaves. Native to Asia and the Pacific. Mildly narcotic. Fruits & Nuts

Bilberry (also blåbär, whortleberry, ground hurts, whinberry, wimberry, myrtle blueberry and fraughanare) is native in temperate regions in Asia and Europe. Fruits & Nuts

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Bilimbi (also cucumber tree) is a fruit related to carambola. Native to Indonesia. Fruits & Nuts

Bitter melon (also bitter gourd, karela) is as the name suggests a very bitter fruit. In the same family as melons and cucumbers. Probably native to tropical South and Southeast Asia, today also found in Africa and the Americas. Vegetables

Black cardamom (also brown cardamom) are a few varieties native to northeastern India and southern China. Gets its special tast through a smoking process. Spices & Herbs

Black cumin (also kala jeera) is native to northern India. Similar in appearance but not related to cumin. Spices & Herbs

Black eyed pea (black eyed bean) is a bean that is a related to the cowpea. Native to India. Vegetables

Black gram (also urad, black lentil, urad dal) a bean first cultivated in India. Vegetables

Black salsify (also Spanish salsify, black oyster plant, serpent root, viper’s herb, viper’s grass) is a root vegetable native to southern Europe and southwestern Asia. Vegetables

Blackberry are several species that are native to temperate areas in Asia, Europe, North America and South America. Fruits & Nuts

Blackcurrant (also cassis) belongs to the family ribes. Used to make jellies and drinks. Native to temperate areas in the northern hemisphere. Fruits & Nuts

Borage (also starflower) is native to Syria. Has spread over parts of Europe, North Africa and the Americas where it sometimes is used as a culinary herb and vegetable. Spices & Herbs

Breadfruit is native to Southeast Asia and the Pacific but are commonly grown around the world. Fruits & Nuts

Brown mustard are the seeds from mustard greens native to parts of Asia. Today the most common mustard seed. Spices & Herbs
Buckwheat is actually a plant that has its botanical origin in two species, one native to North America and the other to Europe and Asia It was first domesticated in China about 8000 years ago. Grains & Cereals

Buddha´s hand (fingered citron) is native to Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Burmese grape is native to tropical regions in South and Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Butter is produced in a process where you churn the cream from milk. It is believed that butter was used in the Middle East as early 10000 BC, then not made from cow´s milk but goat´s or sheep´s. Dairy Products

Buttermilk is the liquid that is left over when you have churned the cream into butter. It is thicker than milk but not necessarily fatter. Dairy Products

Button mangosteen (cherapu) is native to Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Cabbage (also head cabbage, heading cabbage) was cultivated in ancient times from wild mustard native to the Mediterranean. Vegetables

Calabash (also bottle gourd) are various species native to the tropics around the old world. Widely used as a container. Fruits & Nuts

Calamondin is a citrus crossbreed commonly cultivated in the Philippines. Fruits & Nuts

Cambodian palm (also Asian palmyra palm, toddy palm, sugar palm) is native to South and Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Camphor laurel (also camphorwood, camphortree) is native to East Asia. Is a tree that produces the substance camphor that is used as a spice in Asia. Spices & Herbs

Camu Camu is a berry native to the Amazon. Fruits & Nuts

Candlenut (also candleberry, Indian walnut, kukui nut tree) is native to tropical regions around the world. Common in cuisines in Southeast Asia and on Hawaii. Spices & Herbs

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Carambola (also starfruit) is native to South and Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Caraway (also Persian cumin, Meridian fennel) is native to West Asia, North Africa and Europe. Are grown for their small fruits that are very popular in cuisines in Europe. Not to be confused with cumin so common in Indian cuisine. Spices & Herbs

Cardamom Ginger relative. Is a generic term for some varieties that normally are divided in two; black and green cardamom, both are native to India. Spices & Herbs

Carob is native to the Mediterranean. The pod was popular in many ancient cultures like the Egyptian. Fruits & Nuts

Carp include several species. Has been cultivated for thosuands of years. Is native to Europe and Asia. Fish & Seafood

Carrot is the cultivated form of wild carrot that is native to Europe and southwestern Asia. related to parsley. Vegetables

Cassia (also Chinese cinnamon, Ceylon cinnamon, bastard cinnamon) is not true cinnamon but is related. The spice is the bark from the tree.is native to South and Southeast Asia. Spices & Herbs

Cattle of the family bovinae is one of our most important and loved livestock animals. They have been domesticated for over 8000 years providing us with milk and dairy products. Today they are spread out all over the world, originally they all stem from a now extinct wild species known as auroch, these huge animals lived in Europe, Asia and North Africa. There are many breeds all around the world, specialiced in producing milk, leather or meat. Livestock

Celery root (also celeriac, turnip rooted celery, knob celery) is a type of celery grown for its root. Native to Asia and Europe. Vegetables

Celery (also Chinese spinach) is cultivated from wild celery native to temperate regions in Asia and Europe. Vegetables

Celtuce (also stem lettuce, celery lettuce, Chinese lettuce, asparagus lettuce) was cultivated in China from lettuce, mostly stem and little leaves. Vegetables

Cempedak (also chempedak) is native to Southeast Asia. Related to jackfruit. Fruits & Nuts

Char is closely related to salmon and trout. Dwell in really cold fresh water. Native to North America, Europe and Asia. Fish & Seafood

Chard (also perpetual spinach, Swiss chard, silver beet, spinach beet, crab beet, mangold,) are the cultivars of beet with edible leafs. Descendant of the wild sea beet native to parts of Europe, Africa and Asia. Vegetables

Cheese is manufactured by various methods of coagulating milk and thus removing liquid called whey, rennet is normally added to this “curd” to make it stabilize. The cheese can then sit to let ripen creating taste with thge help of bacteria and sometimes mold fungus. There are hundreds of methods where cheese can be cooked, dried or flavoured before consumed. The orgin of cheese is uncertain, but to say several thousands of years ago somewhere in the Middle East, Europe or Northern Africa you won´t be wrong. Dairy Products

Cherry is a generic term for various species native to northern America, Europe and Asia. The original cherry is native to Europe. Fruits & Nuts

Chicken are direct descendants of wild fowl native to Southeast Asia, they have been bred by humans for at least 7000 years. Today it is the most important livestock fowl in the world. Foodwise they provide us with meat and eggs. Livestock

Chickpea (also garbanzo bean, Indian pea, ceci bean, Bengal gram) is one of our oldest vegetables and has been domesticated for almost 10000 years. Its wild botanical ancestor is native to Turkey. Vegetables

Chinese cabbage (also Chinese chard, Chinese mustard, celery mustard, spoon cabbage, bok choy, pak choy) is native to Southeast Asia. Vegetables

Cinnamon (also canela, cannelle) The true variety, because there are several similar, is native to Sri Lanka. The spice is the actual bark of the tree. Spices & Herbs

Citron (also cedrat) is native to eastern India. Lemon is known as citron in many countries. Fruits & Nuts

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Clementine is a variety of the mandarin orange, it is believed to have its origins in either Algeria or China. Most of the time seedless. Fruits & Nuts

Cloudberry (also bakeapple) part of the mulberry family. Grows in colder temperate areas in the northern hemisphere. Many times used in jams. Fruits & Nuts

Clove is native to Indonesia. Are the dried flowerbuds of a tree. Used all over the world. Spices & Herbs

Coconut is found in tropical regions around the world. Has spread with the help of currents and migration. Fresh green coconut are popular for its liquid. The dried older coconuts provide the white pulp from which many products are made, among them coconut milk. Fruits & Nuts

Coffee (also coffea) is native to sub tropical regions of Africa and Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Collard greens was cultivated from wild cabbage native to the Mediterranean. Vegetables

Common Quail has been domesticated for hundreds of years. They provide eggs and meat. Native to Asia and Africa. Livestock

Common sole native to the Eastern North Atlantic until the Mediterranean. Very popular, the meat is expensive. Fish & Seafood

Coriander is native to South Europe, North Africa and Southwest Asia. Is a plant whose leaves and fruits (seeds) are used. The leaves are also known as cilantro, coriander leaves and Chinese parsley. Is an integral part of many cuisines all over the world. Spices & Herbs

Corn salad (also Lewiston corn salad, lamb’s lettuce, field salad, rapunzel) is a leafy green native to Europe, western Asia and North Africa. Vegetables

Cottage cheese is a loose “curd” that still holds quite a lot of whey. Often mild in flavour. Can be made with or withour rennet with different results. Origin and age is quite unknown, it can probably be connected with general cheese making. Dairy Products

Cranberry is native to colder temperate areas in Asia, Europe and North America. Mainly used to make juice and jam. Fruits & Nuts

Cubeb (also tailed pepper, Java pepper) is a strong tasting spice similar to the spice pepper. It was an important spice in Europe until the Middle Ages. Still common in Asia. Has its botanical origin in Indonesia. Spices & Herbs

Cucumber is several cultivars of various shapes, sizes, colors and tastes. The original cucumber is native to India. Has been cultivated for thousands of years. Gherkins can be sorted into this category. Vegetables

Cultured buttermilk you get from adding a lactic bacteria to milk provocing a fermentation process. Can be used in bread or icecream making. A related products is the Swedish “filmjölk”. Origin is somewhere in Europe, Asia or Africa.Dairy Products

Cumin is one of our oldest spices and is was first cultivated in the Middle East. Today it is very common and used in cuisines all over the world, particularly in Indian and Mexican. Sometimes confused with the similar caraway. Spices & Herbs

Curd is the solified form of milk when it has coagulated with the help of acid or rennet. Dairy Products

Curry leaves (also sweet neem leaves) are the leaves from the curry tree native to India. Has given name to the spice mix curry of which it not always is part. Spices & Herbs

Cuttlefish related to squids and octopuses. Found in salt waters in East and South Asia, Europe, Africa and Australia. Fish & Seafood

Daikon (also mooli) is a large white radish. Cultivated first in East Asia. Vegetables

Damson (damson plum, damascus plum) is a cultivar of plum first grown around Damascus several thousand years ago. Fruits & Nuts

Date comes from the datepalm. Is native to desert oases in southwestern Asia and North Africa. Has been cultivated for at least 6000 years. Fruits & Nuts

Deer have only recently started to be domesticated for meat production. Deer are native to all continents except Australia and Antarctica. Livestock

Dromedary also known as the “Arabian camel” has got one lump of fat om its back. It is probably native to the Arabian Peninsula , but is today found in North Africa, Australia and all over the Middle East. Provide meat and dairy products. Livestock

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Drumstick (also moringa) is a vegetable fruit from a tree native to northwestern India. Quite popular in Asia. Vegetables

Duck just like the chicken, duck are believed to first have been domesticated wild ducks (called mallards) in Southeast Asia, this several thousands of years BC. In the Americas another breed was domesticated, the Muscovy, this was before Columbus. Duck provide meat and eggs. Livestock

Duku (also langsat) is native to Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Dulse (also dillisk, dilsk, red dulse, sea lettuce flakes, creathnach) is red algae native to oceans in the northern hemisphere where it is also harvested and eaten. Vegetables

Durian are several species native to Southeast Asia. Te fruit is highly regarded and can cost a fair bit of money. The strong smell has made it forbidden to bring into the Singapurian subway. Fruits & Nuts

Durum wheat (also macaroni wheat) evolved by selective breeding from emmer wheat that occured in the Middle East. Still culinary important in several cuisines. Grains & Cereals

Ear fungus (also black fungus, wood ear, cloud ear fungus, Judas´s ear fungus) are two species and named so since they resemble the shape of ears; they are so called “jelly mushrooms”. Native to East Asia. Mushrooms

Elephant foot yam (also stink lily, white spot giant arum) is a type of yam native to Southeast Asia. Vegetables

Elephant garlic is a plant closely related to the leek. It is cultivated from wild garlic that is native to southern Europe and western Asia. Spices & Herbs, Vegetables

Emmer wheat (also farro) is an early cultivar of wheat domesticated in the Near East about 10000 years ago. Got replaced by cultivars that gave a higher yield. Grains & Cereals

Ensete (also enset) is a relative of the banana native to tropical regions in Asia and Africa. It is a root vegetable with high per acre yield popular in parts of Africa. Vegetables

Fava bean (also broad bean, horse bean, field bean, bell bean, tic bean) is an important Old World bean, native to North Africa and Southwest Asia. Vegetables

Fennel flower seeds (also nutmeg flower, Roman coriander, blackseed, black caraway, black onion seed, nigella) is harvested from the flower of a plant native to southwestern Asia. Quite common in some Indian cuisines. Spices & Herbs

Fennel seeds are harvested from the fennel herb native to the Mediterranean. in use for thousands of years. Ingredient in Asian and European kitchens. Spices & Herbs

Fenugreek is a plant native to Europe and Asia. The leaves and the seeds are used. Fenugreek seeds are very common in Indian cuisine but also is found in some European, African and other Asian kitchens. Spices & Herbs

Fig grow on fig trees, is native to southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia. There are several hundred species. Fruits & Nuts

Fingerroot (also Chinese ginger) is native to China and Southeast Asia. Is a common spice in various parts of Asia. Spices & Herbs

Florence fennel (also finocchio) is a variety of the fennel herb that has a swollen root. Native to the coasts of the Mediterranean. Vegetables

Flounders are several species of flatfish native to the Northern Atlantic and the Pacific. Fish & Seafood

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Galangal (also galanga, blue ginger) is a relative to ginger and quite similar. Has its origins in South and Southeast Asia. There are four main species Spices & Herbs, Vegetables

Gambooge (also brindleberry, malabar tamarind) is native to Indonesia. Its rind is used as a spice in Indian cooking. Spices & Herbs

Garden cress (also garden pepper cress, pepper grass, pepperwort, poor man’s pepper) is a leafy herb native to Europe and Asia. Vegetables

Garden onion are several varieties of different shapes, tastes, colour and sizes. Examples are red-, white-, shallot-, brown- and yellow onion. Is probably a cultivated version of a wild onion native to Central Asia. Came to America with Columbus. Vegetables

Garlic chives (also Chinese chives, Chinese leek) is a type of onion native to East Asia. Spices & Herbs

Garlic is part of the onion family alliaceae and thus related to leeks, onions and such. It is believed to have its ancestor in a type of wild garlic native to southwestern Asia. Spices & Herbs, Vegetables

Ghee (also clarified butter) invented by the Indians, it is called clarified butter in English. By melting butter you separate the milk substances from the butter, the result can store for longer periods in closed containers. Dairy Products

Ginger is a culinary tuber who was first cultivated from wild species in South Asia. Spices & Herbs, Vegetables

Goat All species of goat has it´s origin from the a wild goat that is domestic to East Europe and southwestern Asia. Has been domesticated for about 10000 years and is one of our most valued livestock. Providers of milk and meat. Livestock

Golpar (also Persian hogweed) is a herb used in the Persian cuisine. Spices & Herbs

Goose Are domesticated fowl from two species, one native to East Asia and the other to Europe, North Africa and Western Asia. There is proof that Egyptians bred them 3000 BC. Foodwise they provide meat and eggs. Livestock

Gooseberry belong to the ribes family. Native to alpine regions in Europe and Western Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Gotu kola (also Asiatic pennywort, Indian pennywort) is a herb native to Asia. Used in some kitchens, mainly on Sri Lanka. Spices & Herbs

Grape are various species native to the northern hemisphere. Culturally extremely important it has been cultivated for at least 5000 years. Fruits & Nuts

Greater burdock (also edible burdock, lappa burdock) is a root vegetable native to Europe and Asia although mostly eaten in East Asia. Vegetables

Green cardamom (also cardamom, Ceylon cardamom, true cardamom) is native to South and Southeast Asia. Is a common spice in various parts of Asia. Spices & Herbs

Guar bean (also cluster bean) is mostly grown for its gelatin like quality when processed. Native to South Asia. Vegetables

Hazelnut are several species belonging to the family corylus. Native to temperate regions in the northern hemisphere. Fruits & Nuts

Herring are various species native to the North Atlantic and the North Pacific. Smoked, salted, fried and pickled it has been an importants staple food. Fish & Seafood

Hijiki (also hiziki) is a sea vegetable native to coasts in the northwestern Pacific. It grows wild and is harvested. Vegetables

Hilsa is a salt-and freshwater dwelling species. Only found in Bangladesh and on the Indian sub continenent where it is commonly eaten. Fish & Seafood

Hops are the female flowers of several varieties of a plant called “humulus”. Its botanical origins is in temparate regions in the northern hemisphere. Commonly used in beer making. Spices & Herbs

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Horseradish is the root of a plant native to Europe and West Asia. Common around the world. Spices & Herbs

Horses have been with humans for at least 5000 years. The modern horse breeds are derived from various wild ones, some of them extinct. At the time of domestication horses were found in Europe and in Asia, hence the horse was introduced to the Americas. Meat and milk from horses have been important sources of nutrition for humans. Livestock

Hyacinth bean (also Indian bean, Egyptian bean) is native to Africa and South Asia. Vegetables

Ice Cream exists in a number of varieties and has a long history. The ancient Chinese is believed to have been the first to eat one made from milk. A traditional way to make it is to slowly freeze flavoured cream, eggs is sometimes used to emulsify. Italy is famous for its “gelato” which is lower in fat and sugar than say what is sold in Western Europe. In the 1970´s in the US “frozen yoghurt” was invented. Dairy Products

Indonesian cinnamon (also Padang Cassia, korintje) is one of the close relatives of true cinnamon. Is weaker in taste. Native to Southeast Asia. Spices & Herbs

Ivy gourd is native to tropical regions in Asia, Australia and Africa. Vegetables

Jackfruit this giant of a fruit is native to South and Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Jambul (also Malabar plum, Portuguese plum, jambolan plum, duhat plum) is native to South and Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Jasmine is a collective name for various species native to warmer regions in Africa, Europe and Asia. Very common in tea. It is mostly the flower that is used. Spices & Herbs

Jujube (also red date, Chinese date) is native to various regions in Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Kabosu is a green citrus fruit native to China, popular in Japan. Fruits & Nuts

Kaffir lime leaves are the leaves from a species of lime native to Southeast Asia where it is widely used in cuisines. Spices & Herbs

Kai lan (also Chinese broccoli, Chinese kale) is a broccoli like vegetable cultivated in China from wild cabbage. Vegetables

Kefir is a fermented product that has its origin in the Caucasus. By adding a yeast like product to the milk the process commences. Dairy Products

Kencur (also sand ginger, aromatic ginger, resurrection lily) is native to parts of South, East and Southeast Asia. Used as culinary herb mainly in parts of Indonesia. Spices & Herbs

Kim is seaweed species that have been cultivated and eaten in Korea for hundreds of years. Same as nori and laver. Vegetables

Kitembilla (also Ceylon Gooseberry) is native to Sri Lanka and southern India. Fruits & Nuts

Kiwifruit (also Chinese gooseberry, kiwi, yang tao) is native to southern China. The national fruit of China. Fruits & Nuts

Kokum (also wild mangosteen, red mango) is native to India. It is the bitter fruit that is prepared and used as a condiment. Spices & Herbs

Kombu (also dashima, haidai) is a culinary kelp native to the northeastern Pacific. It has been cultivated since the 2oth century. Vegetables

Kumis/Airag is a Central Asian slightly fermented drink. Traditionally a yeast/bacteria liquid is added to naturally sweet mare´s milk in a churning like process, today using sweetened cow´s milk is common today. Dairy Products

Kurrat (also Egyptian leek) is a type of leek that started to be cultivated in the Middle East.. Vegetables

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Langsat (also duku, lanzones) is native to Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Lapsi is native to South and East Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Lassi is an Indian yogurt drink. It is a mix with yogurt, milk, spices and sometimes fruit. Dairy Products

Lavender are flowers from plants used in cooking. They are several species native to Europe, Asia and Africa. Spices & Herbs

Leek is part of the onion family. Stems from wild species native to Europe and western Asia. Vegetables

Lemon balm is a herb native to the Mediterranean. Belongs to the mint family and has a lemony scent and taste. Spices & Herbs

Lemon is native to South and Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Lemongrass (also silky heads, barbed wire grass, citronella grass) is a collective name for various species. The culinary kind is thought to have its botanical origin in India. Very common in Southeast and Asian cuisines. Spices & Herbs

Lentil (also masoor dal) one of our earliest domesticated plants. Native to South and Southwest Asia. Many varieties exist. Vegetables

Lettuce is a group of cultivars native to Asia and Europe, they vary a lot in shape, size and colour. The six main are: Chinese lettuce, butter head, iceberg, loose leaf, romaine and summer crisp. Vegetables

Lime is a generic term for a number of citrus species native to Asia. They include key lime, kaffir lime and tahiti lime. Fruits & Nuts

Limequat is a cross between kumquat and key lime. Fruits & Nuts

Lingonberry (also cowberry, foxberry, quailberry, mountain cranberry, red whortleberry, lowbush cranberry, mountain bilberry, partridgeberry and redberry) is native to colder temperate areas in Asia, Europe and North America. This acid berry is used to make jams and juices. Fruits & Nuts

Liquorice (also licorice) is a plant who is cultivated for its sweet root. Native to Asia and Europe. Mostly used in candy. Spices & Herbs

Long pepper (also Indonesian- Indian- Javanese long pepper) related to the plant that gives us peppercorns. Native to South and Southeast Asia. Spices & Herbs

Longan are small sweet fruit that grow on tall trees. Native to Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Loquat (also Japanese medlar) is native to southeastern China. Is sweet and in some awys resemble the apple. Fruits & Nuts

Lotus flower (also Indian lotus, sacred lotus, bean of India) is a flower native to Asia. All parts of the flower can be eaten. Vegetables

Luffa (also loofah, lufah) are several cultivars from wild species native to tropical regions in Africa and Asia. Popular in Asia. Looks a bit like a cucumber. Vegetables

Lychee (also litchi) is native to Southeast Asia. Priced for its health beneficial qualities. Fruits & Nuts

Mabolo (also velvet apple) is native to the Philippines. Has a rancid smell. Fruits & Nuts

Macadamia nut (also macadamia, bush nut, queen of nuts) is a nut native to Australia, Oceania and Sulawesi. Fruits & Nuts

Mace is the derived from the fruit of the nutmeg tree native to the Spice Islands in Indonesia. Spices & Herbs

Mahlad (also mahleb) is made from the seeds from the St Lucie cherry native to North Africa, Western and Central Asia and parts of Europe. A spice common in the Middle East. Spices & Herbs

Malabar spinach (also red vine spinach, creeping spinach, climbing spinach) is a leaf vegetable native to tropical regions in Europe and Asia. Vegetables

Malay apple (also Malacca apple, Malay rose apple) is native to Malaysia and Indonesia. Fruits & Nuts

Malukhiyah are leaves popular in African and Asian cuisines. The various species are native to warmer regions throughout the world. Vegetables

Malva (also mallow) is several species of plants native to Africa, Asia and Europe. The leafs are eaten. Vegetables

Mandarin orange is native to China. Has many sub species like the clementine, the satsuma and the tangerine. Fruits & Nuts

Mango is native to India. Many cultivars are gropwn around the world. Fruits & Nuts

Mangosteen (also purple mangosteen) is native to Indonesia. There are other types but the purple one is the most common. Fruits & Nuts

Marang (johey oak, green pedalai, tarap) is native to Borneo. Related to jackfruit. Fruits & Nuts

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Marjoram (also sweet marjoram, knotted marjoram) is a plant native to the Mediterranean. The leafs are used as a culinary herb, mostly in Europe. Spices & Herbs

Medlar are two species. The common medlar is native to Southwest Asia, while Stern´s medlar is native to North America. Fruits & Nuts

Milk is generally referring to pasteurized cow´s milk. It is known that 5000BC cows were already kept to retain it. With time it spread all over the world, however milk consumtion is a lot higher in the Western world than anywhere else. It is the base for many other products, of which some I have listed below: Dairy Products

Millet is a generic name for several species. Have been cultivated for about 10000 years which started in East Asia. Important in parts of Asia and Africa. Can grow in difficult and dry climates. Grains & Cereals

Mizuna (also Japanese mustard, potherb mustard, Japanese greens, California peppergrass, spider mustard) was cultivated from species of wild mustard in East Asia. Vegetables

Mulberry (also Morus) is a number of species af various shapes and colours. They are native to most regions on all continents except Australia. Fruits & Nuts

Mung bean (also green bean, mash bean, green gram, golden gram, green soy) is native to South Asia. Vegetables

Muskmelon is the “base” melon that has been developed into cultivars like honeydew and cantaloupe. Native to northwestern India. Fruits & Nuts

Mustard greens (also brown mustard, Indian mustard, Chinese mustard, leaf mustard, green mustard cabbage) is native parts of Asia. The green leaves are used in cooking, the seeds are used as a spice and is very common around the world. Spices & Herbs

Napa cabbage is a cultivar of Chinese cabbage, the main ingredient in Korean kimchi. Vegetables

New Zealand spinach (also warrigal greens, sea spinach, botany bay spinach, tetragon, Cook’s cabbage) is native to New Zealand, Australia, Japan, Chile and Argentina) is cultivated for its green leaves that are eaten fresh. Vegetables

Noni (also great morinda, Indian mulberry, dog dumpling, beach mulberry, cheese fruit) is native to Australia and Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Nori is the Japanese name for the edible seaweed known in Korea as kim and on the British Isles as laver. Cultivated. Vegetables

Nutmeg is the seed from the nutmeg tree native to the Spice Islands in Indonesia. Spices & Herbs

Oat the botanical ancestor is native to southwestern Asia. Has been cultivated for about 4000 years, first in Europe where it still is quite common. Also popular in North America. Grains & Cereals

Ogonori (also ogo, sea moss) a type of seaweed eaten in Japan. Vegetables

Onion is a collective name for several species in the allum family. Vegetables

Orange (also sweet orange) is a hybrid of the mandarin orange and the pomelo, has its origins in Southeast Asia. Is base for many other subspecies. Fruits & Nuts

Oregano (also wild marjoram) is a herb native to South Europe, Southwest Asia and the Mediterranean. There are many different cultivars that are typically connected to a region. Mostly used in Europe, Turkey, South and Central America. Spices & Herbs

Paddy straw mushroom is very common in Chinese cuisine. Started to be cultivated in China in the 19th century, it is native to East Asia. Mushrooms

Pandan is a collective name for various species sometimes used in Southeast Asian cooking. Leaves and flowers are what is utilized. Spices & Herbs

Parsley is a mainly two varieties of a herb commonly used in cooking. Native to the Mediterranean. Spices & Herbs

Parsnip is a close relative to root parley and carrot. Has its origins in the Mediterranean. Very important in Europe before the potato arrived. Vegetables

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Parwal (also green potato, pointed gourd, potol) probably cultivated from wild species native to India. Vegetables

Pea are several cultivars stemming from the wild pea that is native to the Mediterranean and the Middle East. Varieties are garden peas (of which there are several others) and split peas. Vegetables

Peach (also persica) is a fruit native to China. Fruits & Nuts

Pear is a fruit native to Europe, Northern Africa and Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Peppercorns is a quite confusing term since it can refer to many different spices. Peppercorns are from a plant that has its botanical roots in South and Southeast Asia. Black-, white- orange- and green peppercorns are obtained through different processes from the same corn. Spices & Herbs

Perilla (also silam, beefsteak plant, purple mint, Japanese basil) is a type of mint native to Asia. Spices & Herbs

Persimmon is a collective name for several species. The mabolo of the Philippines, the black persimmon of Mexico and the by far most common Japanese persimmon (also known as kaki, shizi or sharon) native to China. Fruits & Nuts

Pewa is a fruit from a palm tree native to South and Central America. Fruits & Nuts

Pheasants The many species of pheasants are all domestic to Europe and Asia. They have been bred for meat and feathers for hundreds of years. Livestock

Pig is domesticated offspring from the Wild Boar. They were first bred by humans more than 9000 years ago. Were kept for their meat. The Wild Boar is native to Europe, North Africa and Asia. Livestock

Pigeon pea (also Congo pea, gungo pea, no eye pea) most probably cultivated first in South Asia. An important crop in India. Vegetables

Pili nut is native to the Philippines. Fruits & Nuts

Pistachio a highly priced nut native to southwestern Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Plaice are different species of flatfish native to the northern hemisphere. Popular. Fish & Seafood

Plantain is harder less sweet varieties of the species musa commonly used in cooking. Many times referred to as cooking bananas. Origin in South and Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Plum (also gage) is believed to have its roots in southwestern Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Pomegranate seeds (also anardana) is used as a spice in Pakistani and Indian cuisine. Is native to Iran and Himalayan India. Spices & Herbs

Pomegranate (also grenadine) is native to southwestern Asia. Cultivated for thousands of years. Fruits & Nuts

Pomelo (also Chinese grapefruit, jabong, lusho fruit, pompelmous, papanas, shaddock) is the largest of all citrus fruits, has its origins in Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Poppy seed is obtained from the plant opium poppy native to Europe and Asia. The seed is either used as a spice or for its oil. Spices & Herbs

Pulasan a fruit closely related to the rambutan. Is native to Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Quince native to Caucasus in Western Asia. A fruit mostly used in cooking. Fruits & Nuts

Rabbits are native to all inhabited continents Australia where their introduction has had disastrous consequences for the ecosystem. Have been bred for meat and pelt for over a thousand years. Livestock

Rambutan is native to South and Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Rapini (also broccoli rabe, brocoletti) is believed to have its origins in China. Popular in Italy. Related to turnip. Vegetables

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Raspberry native to temperate areas in Asia, Europe and North America. Fruits & Nuts

Redcurrant belong to the family ribes. Used to make jellies. Native to temperate areas in the northern hemisphere. The albino version is known as whitecurrant. Fruits & Nuts

Reindeer have been herded by indigenous populations at least since the 17th century. The wild species were native to sub-arctic tundra like environments in the northern hemisphere – Russia, Norway, Sweden, Canada and US etc. Meat and milk is consumed. Livestock

Rhubarb is native to East Asia. Vegetables

Rice paddy herb is native to Southeast Asia where it is used as a herb. Spices & Herbs

Rice was cultivated from wild rice first by the Chinese about 10000 years ago. Independantly that also happened in Nigeria about 1000 BC. Very important in tropical regions of the world. White rice is obtained through milling processes, brown rice is only milled once and considered a whole grain. Grains & Cereals

Rocket (also rucola, aragula) is a strong tasting leaf plant native to the Mediterranean. Vegetables

Root parsley (also Hamburg root parsley) is a type of parsley that has a root that can be used in cooking. It is native to the Mediterranean. Vegetables

Rose hip is a berry like fruit that grows on of rose bushes native to Europe, North America, Africa and Asia. Used for soups, jams and teas. Fruits & Nuts

Rosemary is a popular herb native to the Mediterranean. Spices & Herbs

Rye has its botanical origin in the Near East. Was first cultivated in Turkey about 5000 years ago but only became important in Europe about 1500 BC. It still is grown mostly in parts of Europe. Grains & Cereals

Safflower is native to Europe, Asia and North Africa. In ancient times a common culinary herb, nowadays mostly grown for to produce oil. Spices & Herbs

Saffron the most expensive spice in the world is obtianed from the pteals of the saffron crocus. It is native to southwestern Asia. Treasured around the world. Spices & Herbs

Sage (also salvia, common sage, culinary sage, garden sage, kitchen sage) is native to the Mediterranean. There are a few cultivars. Spices & Herbs

Saigon cinnamon (also Vietnamese cinnamon, Vietnamese cassia) is native to Southeast Asia. Very closely related to true cinnamon but slightly weaker in taste. Spices & Herbs

Salak (also snake fruit) is native to Malaysia and Indonesia. Fruits & Nuts

Salmon are large species of the salmonidae family that migrate between salt and fresh water. The steelhead kind is what is common in Europe. Domestic to the Northern hemisphere it is also cultivated in Chile and Australia. Fish & Seafood

Santol (also sandorica, wild mangosteen) is native to Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Sassafras are a few species of trees native to East North America and East Asia. The leaves are used to make filé powder. Spices & Herbs

Scallion (also spring onion, Welch onion, salad onion, onion sticks, green onion) are several species of onions where the fresh stalks are used. Origins in Asia.Vegetables

Sea beet is the wild ancestor to vegetables like beetroot, chard and sugar beet. Native to parts of Africa, Asia and Europe. Vegetables

Sea buckthorn (also seaberry, sandthorn) is native to Asia and Europe. Has many uses, many of them medicinal. Fruits & Nuts

Sesame seeds are harvested from a plant that was first cultivated in India. Is very common in cuisines all over the world, particularly in Asia. The oil from the seed is also used for flavouring. Spices & Herbs

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Sheep is the result of domestication of the mouflon that is native to Eastern Europe and south and central western Asia, this happened around 10000 BC. Milk and meat is readily consumed. Livestock

Shiitake (also forest mushroom) One of the more common mushrooms and a vital ingredient in East Asian cuisine where it also has its origins. Mushrooms

Sichuan pepper (also szechuan pepper) is native to Asia. Despite its name it is not related to other common peppers and has a quite different taste. The whole plant can be used. Spices & Herbs

Snake gourd (also serpent gourd) is a very long vegetable fruit native to South and Southeast Asia. Vegetables

Snakehead is a group of freshwater dwelling fish. Native to Africa and Asia but spread around the world. Fish & Seafood

Sorghum is native to warmer regions around the world. Important in Africa, and southern Asia and Central America. Grains & Cereals

Sorrel is (also spinach dock, common sorrel, garden sorrel)is a herbal plant native to Europe, Asia and Africa. There are several related species that have the name sorrel in it. Spices & Herbs

Soybean (also Soya bean) is native to East Asia. Very important for thousands of years. Other then to be cooked it is used to make oil, soy milk and tofu. Vegetables

Spearmint is native to Europe and southwestern Asia. Is as the name suggests a mint. Widely grown to extract its oil. Spices & Herbs

Spelt is a type of wheat that used to be important in Europe until the Middle Ages. Is a natural hybrid between emmer wheat and wild gota grass, it occurred in the Near East. Grains & Cereals

Spinach beet leaves is a leaf vegetable native to Europe and Asia, the root being, is attached to a beetroot. Vegetables

Spinach is native to Central and southwestern Asia, has been cultivated for thousands of years. There are several cultivars like Savoy, semi Savoy and leaf spinach. Vegetables

Star anise (also star aniseed, Chinese star anise) is native to southwestern China. Is not related to anise but is similar in taste and has replaced the latter in many uses. Spices & Herbs

Stinging nettle (also common nettle) is native to Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America. Is similar and used in same ways as spinach. Spices & Herbs

Strawberry is native to Asia, Europe and the Americas. Fruits & Nuts

Strawberry guava (also Cattley guava, lemon guava, waiawi) is native to tropical South America. A smaller cousin to the guava. Fruits & Nuts

Sugar apple (also sweetsop) is native to the Americas and southern Asia. Also known as custard apple and can thus be confused with the other species. Fruits & Nuts

Sugar beet is a variety of beet that is native to Asia and Europe. Is mostly grown to produce sugar. Vegetables

Sweet limetta (also Mediterranean sweet lemon, sweet lemon, sweet lime, sathukudi, mosambi) is native to South and Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Sweet orange (also orange) is a hybrid of the mandarin orange and the pomelo, has its origins in Southeast Asia. Is base for many other subspecies. Fruits & Nuts

Tangerine is a variety of the mandarin orange native to East and Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Taro (also arrowroot, dasheen) is a plant grown both for its root and its leaves. Native to Indonesia but early on spread around the world. Vegetables

Tarragon (also dragon herb, dragon´s wort) is a group of plants native to the northern hemisphere. The kind cultivated in Europe known as French tarragon is regarded as best from a culinary perspective. Spices & Herbs

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Thornapple (also hawthorn, crataegus) grows in temperate areas in Asia, Europe and North America. Is many times used for sweets and snacks. Fruits & Nuts

Thyme is a collective name for several cultivars of a plant that is used as a herb, examples are lemon thyme and common thyme. Common in kitchens in Asia, Europe and Africa. Native to the Old World. Spices & Herbs

Tinda (also Indian round gourd, apple gourd, Indian baby pumpkin) is a gourd native to India. Vegetables

Trout are the freshwater dwelling species of the “salmonidae” family. Native to Europe, Asia and North America – although have been spread to other continents by sport fishing enthusiasts. Fish & Seafood

Turmeric is a plant native to South Asia. The ground root is used for colouring. The leaves is used as a herb. Spices & Herbs

Turnip is a root vegetable grown in temperate regions around the world. Cultivated thousands of years ago in Asia and Europe from the wild turnip mustard. The leaves are also eaten. Vegetables

Wakame is culinary seaweed that is cultivated in Japan and in Korea. Vegetables

Walnut are several species native to the northern hemisphere. Fruits & Nuts

Wampee small grape like fruits, native to Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Wasabi (also Japanese horseradish) is a very strong tasting root of a plant native to Japan where it is a commonly used spice. Is related to horseradish. Spices & Herbs

Water Buffalo has it´s origins in wild buffalos in Southeast Asia. Since 5000 years they have been in use by humans. The meat is eaten but it is the milk that is the big nutrient source, cheese and yogurt is made from the fatty liquid. Livestock

Water chestnut (also Chinese water chestnut) is a water growing plant cultivated for its edible roots. Native to East Asia. Vegetables

Water spinach (also water morning glory, Chinese spinach, swamp cabbage) is native to Southeast Asia. Very common in various Asian cuisines. Vegetables

Watercress is native to Europe and Asia. Belongs to the cabbage family, lives in or close to fresh water. Used as a herb and a leaf vegetable. Spices & Herbs, Vegetables

Waterleaf (also Surinam purslane, Philippine spinach, sweetheart, Florida spinach, Ceylon spinach) is a leafy herb important in tropical regions around the world. Native to both the New and the Old World. Vegetables

Wheat was first cultivated in the ancient cultures from the fertile crescent in the Near East. The modern cultivars have evolved a lot through breeding. Grains & Cereals

Whey is the liquid that gets separated from the curd in cheese making. It can be used in baking or for other foods. Dairy Products

White mustard seeds (also yellow mustard) is seeds from a type of mustard. Not so common. Native to the Mediterranean. Spices & Herbs

Wild rice the wild ancestors of rice is still harvested in parts of North America. There are 4 main species, 3 domestic to North America and one to Asia and Africa. Grains & Cereals

Winged bean (also Goa bean) is native to Papua New Guinea. Vegetables

Winter melon (also white gourd, ash gourd, fuzzy melon) is native to Southeast Asia. Vegetables

Winter mushroom (also enokitake) Has been cultivated in Japan for over 300 years. Is native to East Asia. Mushrooms

Wolfberry (also goji berry, mede berry, matrimony vine, bocksdorn, murali, red medlar) is native to temperate regions in Asia and southeastern Europe. Fruits & Nuts

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Yak is native to Tibet and Nepal. In use by humans for thousands of years, as a beats of burden but also for meat and milk. Vegetables

Yam is several cultivars of root vegetables native to Asia and Africa. Sometimes confused with sweet potato but they are not the same thing. Vegetables

Yangmei (also yamamomo, yumberry, Chinese bayberry, Japanese bayberry, Red bayberry) is native to eastern Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Yard long bean (also snake bean, asparagus bean, long podded cowpea, Chinese long bean) is native to Southeast Asia. Eaten fresh – raw or prepared. Vegetables

Yogurt is created by fermenting milk with the help of certain bacteria. The process creates lactic acid. It holds much longer than ordinary milk. It is used in many other foods as breads and icecream. it has been consumed for at laest 5000 years, the origin is the Middle East or Central Asia. Dairy Products

Za’atar (also zaatar, zaktar, satar) is a spice mix from the Middle East that contains cultivars of oregano, basil, thyme and savoury. Spices & Herbs

Zedoary is a plant native to India and Indonesia. The root is used either dry or fresh as a spice. Spices & Herbs

Australia & Oceania

Amarella (also Malay apple, golden apple, pommecythere, juplon, caja-manga) is native to Melanesia and Polynesia in the Pacific. Fruits & Nuts

Betel nut is actually areca nuts wrapped in betel leaves. Native to Asia and the Pacific. Mildly narcotic. Fruits & Nuts

Breadfruit is native to Southeast Asia and the Pacific but are commonly grown around the world. Fruits & Nuts

Coconut is found in tropical regions around the world. Has spread with the help of currents and migration. Fresh green coconut are popular for its liquid. The dried older coconuts provide the white pulp from which many products are made, among them coconut milk. Fruits & Nuts

Cuttlefish related to squids and octopuses. Found in salt waters in East and South Asia, Europe, Africa and Australia. Fish & Seafood

Desert quandong is native to desert areas in Australia. Fruits & Nuts

Emu is the Australian ostrich. Thy have been farmed since the 80´s, they provide leather, oil and meat. Livestock

Ivy gourd is native to tropical regions in Asia, Australia and Africa. Vegetables

Lemon myrtle (also lemon scented ironwood, lemon scented myrtle) is native to Australia and its lemony flavour has many culinary uses. Spices & Herbs

Macadamia nut (also macadamia, bush nut, queen of nuts) is a nut native to Australia, Oceania and Sulawesi. Fruits & Nuts

Mountain pepper (also cornish pepper leaf) is peppery leafs from a plant native to Australia. Spices & Herbs

New Zealand spinach (also warrigal greens, sea spinach, botany bay spinach, tetragon, Cook’s cabbage) is native to New Zealand, Australia, Japan, Chile and Argentina) is cultivated for its green leaves that are eaten fresh. Vegetables

Noni (also great morinda, Indian mulberry, dog dumpling, beach mulberry, cheese fruit) is native to Australia and Southeast Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Riberry (also small leaved lilli pilli, cherry satinash, cherry alder, or clove lilli pilli) is a berry native to Australia. Fruits & Nuts

Waterleaf (also Surinam purslane, Philippine spinach, sweetheart, Florida spinach, Ceylon spinach) is a leafy herb important in tropical regions around the world. Native to both the New and the Old World. Vegetables

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Europe

Alexanders (also alisanders horse parsley, smyrnium) is native to North Africa, Europe and southwestern Asia. Appreciated by both Romans and Greeks, replaced today by the similar celery. Spices & Herbs

Anise (also aniseed) is native to the Mediterranean and southwestern Asia. In use in Europe and Asia. Spices & Herbs

Apple mint (also wooly mint, hierbabuena) is native to Europe and used in European cooking. Spices & Herbs

Artichoke (also globe artichoke) is native to southern Europe. Is the actual flower of a thistle. Vegetables

Asparagus are several types, originally native to West Asia, North Africa and Europe. Vegetables

Barley Wild barley is native to Africa, Europe and Asia. Widely grown as a base for beverages like beer. Very important in Europe before wheat took over. Grains & Cereals

Beetroot (garden beet, red beet, table beet) is a common cultivated variety of beet that is native to Europe and Asia. Both root and leafs can be used. Vegetables

Bilberry (also blåbär, whortleberry, ground hurts, whinberry, wimberry, myrtle blueberry and fraughanare) is native in temperate regions in Asia and Europe. Fruits & Nuts

Black mustard is native to southern Europe but has spread to various cuisines like in India and in Africa. Spices & Herbs

Black salsify (also Spanish salsify, black oyster plant, serpent root, viper’s herb, viper’s grass) is a root vegetable native to southern Europe and southwestern Asia. Vegetables

Blackberry are several species that are native to temperate areas in Asia, Europe, North America and South America. Fruits & Nuts

Blackcurrant (also cassis) belongs to the family ribes. Used to make jellies and drinks. Native to temperate areas in the northern hemisphere. Fruits & Nuts

Blood orange (also red orange) are bitter mutations of the sweet orange and native to Europe. Fruits & Nuts

Broccoli is the actual flower of a plant in the family brassicaceae. It was cultivated in Europe about 2000 years ago from a type of wild cabbage. There are several cultivars. Vegetables

Brussels (also Brussel sprouts) was cultivated from wild cabbage in Europe, probably as early as the 13th century. Vegetables

Buckwheat is actually a plant that has its botanical origin in two species, one native to North America and the other to Europe and Asia It was first domesticated in China about 8000 years ago. Grains & Cereals

Button mushroom (also champignon) is by far the most commonly grown mushroom. Varieties are portobello and crimini. It is native to Europe and North America. Mushrooms

Cabbage (also head cabbage, heading cabbage) was cultivated in ancient times from wild mustard native to the Mediterranean. Vegetables

Caper (also caper berry) is native to the Mediterranean. Mostly consumed pickled. Spices & Herbs

Caraway (also Persian cumin, Meridian fennel) is native to West Asia, North Africa and Europe. Are grown for their small fruits that are very popular in cuisines in Europe. Not to be confused with cumin so common in Indian cuisine. Spices & Herbs

Cardoon (also artichoke thistle) is closely related to the globe artichoke. Native to Mediterranean Europe. Vegetables

Carob is native to the Mediterranean. The pod was popular in many ancient cultures like the Egyptian. Fruits & Nuts

Carp include several species. Has been cultivated for thousands of years. Is native to Europe and Asia. Fish & Seafood

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Carrot is the cultivated form of wild carrot that is native to Europe and southwestern Asia. related to parsley. Vegetables

Cattle of the family bovinae is one of our most important and loved livestock animals. They have been domesticated for over 8000 years providing us with milk and dairy products. Today they are spread out all over the world, originally they all stem from a now extinct wild species known as auroch, these huge animals lived in Europe, Asia and North Africa. There are many breeds all around the world, specialiced in producing milk, leather or meat. Livestock

Cauliflower mushroom (also sparassus) is native to Europe and North America. It has only started to be cultivated recently. Mushrooms

Cauliflower are various cultivars originating in wild cabbage. First surged in Mediterranean Europe. Vegetables

Celery root (also celeriac, turnip rooted celery, knob celery) is a type of celery grown for its root. Native to Asia and Europe. Vegetables

Celery (also Chinese spinach) is cultivated from wild celery native to temperate regions in Asia and Europe. Vegetables

Char is closely related to salmon and trout. Dwell in really cold fresh water. Native to North America, Europe and Asia. Fish & Seafood

Chard (also perpetual spinach, Swiss chard, silver beet, spinach beet, crab beet, mangold,) are the cultivars of beet with edible leafs. Descendant of the wild sea beet native to parts of Europe, Africa and Asia. Vegetables

Cheese is manufactured by various methods of coagulating milk and thus removing liquid called whey, rennet is normally added to this “curd” to make it stabilize. The cheese can then sit to let ripen creating taste with thge help of bacteria and sometimes mold fungus. There are hundreds of methods where cheese can be cooked, dried or flavoured before consumed. The orgin of cheese is uncertain, but to say several thousands of years ago somewhere in the Middle East, Europe or Northern Africa you won´t be wrong. Dairy Products

Cherry is a generic term for various species native to northern America, Europe and Asia. The original cherry is native to Europe. Fruits & Nuts

Chervil (also garden chervil, gourmet´s parsley) is a leaf herb domesticated in Europe. Common in the French kitchen. Spices & Herbs

Chicory is an herb native to Europe. The roots are grown to make a coffee substitute. The leaves are cultivated for use in salads, the many times known as endive. Vegetables

Clabber could be translated as curdled sour milk. Origin is the British Isles. Dairy Products

Clawed lobsters are two saltwater dwelling species only found in the Atlantic north of the equator. Priced for their good taste. Fish & Seafood

Clotted cream from South England. Made by heating milk unpasteurized milk and leaving it until the cream rises to the surface. Traditionally eaten with scones. Dairy Products

Cloudberry (also bakeapple) part of the mulberry family. Grows in colder temperate areas in the northern hemisphere. Many times used in jams. Fruits & Nuts

Cod is one of our more popular foods. Eaten dried, smoked or fresh. Is a number of species found in the Northern Atlantic, the Arctic and the Western Pacific oceans, other tha cod you have pollock. The commercial fishing has been concentrated to the Atlantic cod, overfishing has created problems. Fish & Seafood

Collard greens was cultivated from wild cabbage native to the Mediterranean. Vegetables

Common ling native to the North Atlantic. Large. Fish & Seafood

Common sole native to the Eastern North Atlantic until the Mediterranean. Very popular, the meat is expensive. Fish & Seafood

Condensed milk exist in various formulas, normally it is a high fat product that is obtained by removing water and adding sugar. Often used in desserts. Although similar products were used over a thousand years ago in Central Asia the modern form was invented in Europe in the early 19th century. Dairy Products

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Coriander is native to South Europe, North Africa and Southwest Asia. Is a plant whose leaves and fruits (seeds) are used. The leaves are also known as cilantro, coriander leaves and Chinese parsley. Is an integral part of many cuisines all over the world. Spices & Herbs

Corn salad (also Lewiston corn salad, lamb’s lettuce, field salad, rapunzel) is a leafy green native to Europe, western Asia and North Africa. Vegetables

Cottage cheese is a loose “curd” that still holds quite a lot of whey. Often mild in flavour. Can be made with or withour rennet with different results. Origin and age is quite unknown, it can probably be connected with general cheese making. Dairy Products

Cranberry is native to colder temperate areas in Asia, Europe and North America. Mainly used to make juice and jam. Fruits & Nuts

Cream cheese is derived through a quite complicated process. Bacterias are added to a milk and cream mixture and then carefully balanced through different temperatures to achieve the creamyness. Origin is 17th century Western Europe. Dairy Products

Crème fraiche As the name suggest it has its origins in France, more exactly in Normandy. It is made by letting unpasteurized milk ferment during 12-24h, with pasteurized milk you have to add bacteria (normally from yoghurt) to achieve the same result. Dairy Products

Cultured buttermilk you get from adding a lactic bacteria to milk provocing a fermentation process. Can be used in bread or icecream making. A related products is the Swedish “filmjölk”. Origin is somewhere in Europe, Asia or Africa.Dairy Products

Curd is the solified form of milk when it has coagulated with the help of acid or rennet. Dairy Products

Cuttlefish related to squids and octopuses. Found in salt waters in East and South Asia, Europe, Africa and Australia. Fish & Seafood

Dabberlocks (also badderlocks, winged kelp) is a seaweed harvested and eaten in the North Atlantic. Native to the North Atlantic and Alaska. Vegetables

Deer have only recently started to be domesticated for meat production. Deer are native to all continents except Australia and Antarctica. Livestock

Dill is a herb native to Europe and West asia that has been in use for thousands of years. First cultivated in Central Europe. Very common in Scandinavian and Russian cuisine. Both the leaves and the seeds are harvested. Spices & Herbs

Dulse (also dillisk, dilsk, red dulse, sea lettuce flakes, creathnach) is red algae native to oceans in the northern hemisphere where it is also harvested and eaten. Vegetables

Elephant garlic is a plant closely related to the leek. It is cultivated from wild garlic that is native to southern Europe and western Asia. Spices & Herbs, Vegetables

Endive cultivated from wild specimens of the chicory family native to Europe. Its leaves are used in salads. There are several endive cultivars like frisé and escarole. Vegetables

Fennel seeds are harvested from the fennel herb native to the Mediterranean. in use for thousands of years. Ingredient in Asian and European kitchens. Spices & Herbs

Fenugreek is a plant native to Europe and Asia. The leaves and the seeds are used. Fenugreek seeds are very common in Indian cuisine but also is found in some European, African and other Asian kitchens. Spices & Herbs

Fig grow on fig trees, is native to southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia. There are several hundred species. Fruits & Nuts

Florence fennel (also finocchio) is a variety of the fennel herb that has a swollen root. Native to the coasts of the Mediterranean. Vegetables

Flounders are several species of flatfish native to the Northern Atlantic and the Pacific. Fish & Seafood

Garden angelica (also holy ghost, wild celery, Norwegian angelica) is native to Scandinavia and Greenland. Spices & Herbs

Garden cress (also garden pepper cress, pepper grass, pepperwort, poor man’s pepper) is a leafy herb native to Europe and Asia. Vegetables

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Goat All species of goat has it´s origin from the a wild goat that is domestic to Eastern Europe and southwestern Asia. Has been domesticated for about 10000 years and is one of our most valued livestock. Providers of milk and meat. Livestock

Goose Are domesticated fowl from two species, one native to East Asia and the other to Europe, North Africa and Western Asia. There is proof that Egyptians bred them 3000 BC. Foodwise they provide meat and eggs. Livestock

Gooseberry belong to the ribes family. Native to alpine regions in Europe and Western Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Grape are various species native to the northern hemisphere. Culturally extremely important it has been cultivated for at least 5000 years. Fruits & Nuts

Greater burdock (also edible burdock, lappa burdock) is a root vegetable native to Europe and Asia although mostly eaten in East Asia. Vegetables

Haddock is a popular food fish the North Atlantic. Fish & Seafood

Halibut is native to the the North Pacific and the North Atlantic. Can weigh up to 300 kg. not the same as flounder. Fish & Seafood

Hazelnut are several species belonging to the family corylus. Native to temperate regions in the northern hemisphere. Fruits & Nuts

Herring are various species native to the North Atlantic and the North Pacific. Smoked, salted, fried and pickled it has been an importants staple food. Fish & Seafood

Hops are the female flowers of several varieties of a plant called “humulus”. Its botanical origins is in temparate regions in the northern hemisphere. Commonly used in beer making. Spices & Herbs

Horseradish is the root of a plant native to Europe and West Asia. Common around the world. Spices & Herbs

Horses have been with humans for at least 5000 years. The modern horse breeds are derived from various wild ones, some of them extinct. At the time of domestication horses were found in Europe and in Asia, hence the horse was introduced to the Americas. Meat and milk from horses have been important sources of nutrition for humans. Livestock

Indian pea (also grass pea, blue sweet pea, white pea, chickling vetch, Indian vetch, white vetch grow) is believed to be native to Central Europe. Vegetables

Jasmine is a collective name for various species native to warmer regions in Africa, Europe and Asia. Very common in tea. It is mostly the flower that is used. Spices & Herbs

Kale (also borecole) cultivated in Europe from wild cabbage. There are several cultivars with leaves of different shapes and sizes. Vegetables

Kohlrabi (also German turnip) was cultivated from wild cabbage in what is believed Central Europe. Vegetables

Lavender are flowers from plants used in cooking. They are several species native to Europe, Asia and Africa. Spices & Herbs

Laver is species of edible seaweed cultivated and harvested in the Northeast Atlantic. Same as nori and kim. Vegetables

Leek is part of the onion family. Stems from wild species native to Europe and western Asia. Vegetables

Lemon balm is a herb native to the Mediterranean. Belongs to the mint family and has a lemony scent and taste. Spices & Herbs

Lettuce is a group of cultivars native to Asia and Europe, they vary a lot in shape, size and colour. The six main are: Chinese lettuce, butter head, iceberg, loose leaf, romaine and summer crisp. Vegetables

Lingonberry (also cowberry, foxberry, quailberry, mountain cranberry, red whortleberry, lowbush cranberry, mountain bilberry, partridgeberry and redberry) is native to colder temperate areas in Asia, Europe and North America. This acid berry is used to make jams and juices. Fruits & Nuts

Liquorice (also licorice) is a plant which is cultivated for its sweet root. Native to Asia and Europe. Mostly used in candy. Spices & Herbs

Lophius are various species native to the coasts off Europe. Strange and sinister looking they are known as monkfish, goosefish and sea-devils. In Sweden fishermen would fill them with stones nad throw them back in thinking they were bad luck, today they are priced for their tasty meat. Fish & Seafood

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Lovage is native to Europe. Seeds and leaves are used in South European cooking. Spices & Herbs

Mahlad (also mahleb) is made from the seeds from the St Lucie cherry native to North Africa, Western and Central Asia and parts of Europe. A spice common in the Middle East. Spices & Herbs

Malabar spinach (also red vine spinach, creeping spinach, climbing spinach) is a leaf vegetable native to tropical regions in Europe and Asia. Vegetables

Malva (also mallow) is several species of plants native to Africa, Asia and Europe. The leafs are eaten. Vegetables

Marjoram (also sweet marjoram, knotted marjoram) is a plant native to the Mediterranean. The leafs are used as a culinary herb, mostly in Europe. Spices & Herbs

Milk Powder i dehydrated milk. The first real powdered milk was invented by a Russian chemist in 1832. Long shelf time and easy transportation are advantages. Is used in the process of making various other products like icecream, infant formula and milk chocolate. Dairy Products

Milk is generally referring to pasteurized cow´s milk. It is known that 5000BC cows were already kept to retain it. With time it spread all over the world, however milk consumtion is a lot higher in the Western world than anywhere else. It is the base for many other products, of which some I have listed below: Dairy Products

Morels are several species native to North America and Europe. Are poisonous so preparation has to be careful. In the 20th century it was found out that they grow on old papermill grounds. You can actually grow them yourself by digging down some newspapers in sandy soil and hope for some spores to arrive. Mushrooms

Mulberry (also Morus) is a number of species af various shapes and colours. They are native to most regions on all continents except Australia. Fruits & Nuts

Onion is a collective name for several species in the allum family. Vegetables

Oregano (also wild marjoram) is a herb native to South Europe, Southwest Asia and the Mediterranean. There are many different cultivars that are typically connected to a region. Mostly used in Europe, Turkey, South and Central America. Spices & Herbs

Parsley is a mainly two varieties of a herb commonly used in cooking. Native to the Mediterranean. Spices & Herbs

Parsnip is a close relative to root parley and carrot. Has its origins in the Mediterranean. Very important in Europe before the potato arrived. Vegetables

Pea are several cultivars stemming from the wild pea that is native to the Mediterranean and the Middle East. Varieties are garden peas (of which there are several others) and split peas. Vegetables

Pear is a fruit native to Europe, Northern Africa and Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Peppermint is a natural hybrid mint native to Europe. Just as flavour in candy and desserts. Spices & Herbs

Pheasants The many species of pheasants are all domestic to Europe and Asia. They have been bred for meat and feathers for hundreds of years. Livestock

Pig is domesticated offspring from the Wild Boar. They were first bred by humans more than 9000 years ago. Were kept for their meat. The Wild Boar is native to Europe, North Africa and Asia. Livestock

Pike is a number of fish species found in North America, Europe and Russia. Fresh water dwelling but also found in the Baltic Sea. Fish & Seafood

Plaice are different species of flatfish native to the northern hemisphere. Popular. Fish & Seafood

Poppy seed is obtained from the plant opium poppy native to Europe and Asia. The seed is either used as a spice or for its oil. Spices & Herbs

Qvark is a low fat fresh cheese with its origin in Eastern Europe. Dairy Products

Rabbits are native to all inhabited continents Australia where their introduction has had disastrous consequences for the ecosystem. Have been bred for meat and pelt for over a thousand years. Livestock

Radicchio (also lollorosso) is an endive first cultivated in Italy. Vegetables

Radish are several varieties first cultivated in Europe over 2000 years ago. Vegetables

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Ramsons (also wild garlic, buckrams, bear´s garlic) is a wild species of onions. Is native to Europe. Spices & Herbs

Raspberry native to temperate areas in Asia, Europe and North America. Fruits & Nuts

Redcurrant belong to the family ribes. Used to make jellies. Native to temperate areas in the northern hemisphere. The albino version is known as whitecurrant. Fruits & Nuts

Reindeer have been herded by indigenous populations at least since the 17th century. The wild species were native to sub-arctic tundra like environments in the northern hemisphere – Russia, Norway, Sweden, Canada and US etc. Meat and milk is consumed. Livestock

Rocket (also rucola, aragula) is a strong tasting leaf plant native to the Mediterranean. Vegetables

Root parsley (also Hamburg root parsley) is a type of parsley that has a root that can be used in cooking. It is native to the Mediterranean. Vegetables

Rose hip is a berry like fruit that grows on of rose bushes native to Europe, North America, Africa and Asia. Used for soups, jams and teas. Fruits & Nuts

Rosemary is a popular herb native to the Mediterranean. Spices & Herbs

Rutabaga (also swede, Swedish turnip, yellow turnip) is a root vegetable that is a cross between cabbage and turnip, the leaves are also eaten. Is believed to have been native to Russia or Sweden and brought to Sweden or vice versa by the Vikings. Vegetables

Safflower is native to Europe, Asia and North Africa. In ancient times a common culinary herb, nowadays mostly grown for to produce oil. Spices & Herbs

Sage (also salvia, common sage, culinary sage, garden sage, kitchen sage) is native to the Mediterranean. There are a few cultivars. Spices & Herbs

Salmon are large species of the salmonidae family that migrate between salt and fresh water. The steelhead kind is what is common in Europe. Domestic to the Northern hemisphere it is also cultivated in Chile and Australia. Fish & Seafood

Savory is a generic name for various herbs from the same family. summer- and winter savory are the most common for culinary uses. Both are native to Europe. Spices & Herbs

Sea beet is the wild ancestor to vegetables like beetroot, chard and sugar beet. Native to parts of Africa, Asia and Europe. Vegetables

Sea buckthorn (also seaberry, sandthorn) is native to Asia and Europe. Has many uses, many of them medicinal. Fruits & Nuts

Sheep is the result of domestication of the mouflon that is native to Eastern Europe and south and central western Asia, this happened around 10000 BC. Milk and meat is readily consumed. Livestock

Shipova (also Bolwiller pear) is a hybrid between a pear and a type of berry.Native to France. Fruits & Nuts

Smetana is sour cream with its origin in Eastern Europe. The fat content can vary between 10% until 70%. Dairy Products

Sorrel is (also spinach dock, common sorrel, garden sorrel)is a herbal plant native to Europe, Asia and Africa. There are several related species that have the name sorrel in it. Spices & Herbs

Sour cream I similar to Crème fraiche but has a lower fat level. The bacteria used to create fermentation is from buttermilk, different thickening agents can be added. Sourcream has European origin but is most common in the US. Dairy Products

Spearmint is native to Europe and southwestern Asia. Is as the name suggests a mint. Widely grown to extract its oil. Spices & Herbs

Spinach beet leaves is a leaf vegetable native to Europe and Asia, the root being, is attached to a beetroot. Vegetables

Squash is collective name for cultivars of both so called “winter-” and “summer squash”. Native to the Americas. Vegetables

Stinging nettle (also common nettle) is native to Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America. Is similar and used in same ways as spinach. Spices & Herbs

Strawberry is native to Asia, Europe and the Americas. Fruits & Nuts

Sugar beet is a variety of beet that is native to Asia and Europe. Is mostly grown to produce sugar. Vegetables

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Tarragon (also dragon herb, dragon´s wort) is a group of plants native to the northern hemisphere. The kind cultivated in Europe known as French tarragon is regarded as best from a culinary perspective. Spices & Herbs

Thyme is a collective name for several cultivars of a plant that is used as a herb, examples are lemon thyme and common thyme. Common in kitchens in Asia, Europe and Africa. Native to the Old World. Spices & Herbs

Triticale is a wheat/rye manmade hybrid that came to be in 19th century Europe. Has its strongest base in Europe. Grains & Cereals

Trout are the freshwater dwelling species of the “salmonidae” family. Native to Europe, Asia and North America – although have been spread to other continents by sport fishing enthusiasts. Fish & Seafood

Turnip is a root vegetable grown in temperate regions around the world. Cultivated thousands of years ago in Asia and Europe from the wild turnip mustard. The leaves are also eaten. Vegetables

Walnut are several species native to the northern hemisphere. Fruits & Nuts

Watercress is native to Europe and Asia. Belongs to the cabbage family, lives in or close to fresh water. Used as a herb and a leaf vegetable. Spices & Herbs, Vegetables

Whey is the liquid that gets separated from the curd in cheese making. It can be used in baking or for other foods. Dairy Products

White mustard seeds (also yellow mustard) is seeds from a type of mustard. Not so common. Native to the Mediterranean. Spices & Herbs

Wolfberry (also goji berry, mede berry, matrimony vine, bocksdorn, murali, red medlar) is native to temperate regions in Asia and southeastern Europe. Fruits & Nuts

North America

Acorn squash is closely related to the zucchini and belong in the “winter squash” family. All cultivars of squash have their ancestral roots in the Americas. Vegetables

American groundnut (also potato bean, hopniss, indian potato, groundnut) is a type of bean native to eastern North America. Vegetables

Blackberry are several species that are native to temperate areas in Asia, Europe, North America and South America. Fruits & Nuts

Blackcurrant (also cassis) belongs to the family ribes. Used to make jellies and drinks. Native to temperate areas in the northern hemisphere. Fruits & Nuts

Blueberry is native to North America. There is a smaller blue berry called bilberry that is native to the Europe and Asia. Fruits & Nuts

Buckwheat is actually a plant that has its botanical origin in two species, one native to North America and the other to Europe and Asia It was first domesticated in China about 8000 years ago. Grains & Cereals

Calabash tree (also kalebas, huingo, krabasi) is similar but not closely related to the calebash. Native to the Americas. Fruits & Nuts

Cauliflower mushroom (also sparassus) is native to Europe and North America. It has only started to be cultivated recently. Mushrooms

Char is closely related to salmon and trout. Dwell in really cold fresh water. Native to North America, Europe and Asia. Fish & Seafood

Cherry is a generic term for various species native to northern America, Europe and Asia. The original cherry is native to Europe. Fruits & Nuts

Clawed lobsters are two saltwater dwelling species only found in the Atlantic north of the equator. Priced for their good taste. Fish & Seafood

Cloudberry (also bakeapple) part of the mulberry family. Grows in colder temperate areas in the northern hemisphere. Many times used in jams. Fruits & Nuts

Cod is one of our more popular foods. Eaten dried, smoked or fresh. Is a number of species found in the Northern Atlantic, the Arctic and the Western Pacific oceans, other tha cod you have pollock. The commercial fishing has been concentrated to the Atlantic cod, overfishing has created problems. Fish & Seafood

Common ling native to the North Atlantic. Large. Fish & Seafood

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Corn smut is a kind of disease found on maize. Known as huitlacoche in Latin America where it is native. Common in Mexican cuisine. Mushrooms

Cranberry is native to colder temperate areas in Asia, Europe and North America. Mainly used to make juice and jam. Fruits & Nuts

Dabberlocks (also badderlocks, winged kelp) is a seaweed harvested and eaten in the North Atlantic. Native to the North Atlantic and Alaska. Vegetables

Deer have only recently started to be domesticated for meat production. Deer are native to all continents except Australia and Antarctica. Livestock

Dulse (also dillisk, dilsk, red dulse, sea lettuce flakes, creathnach) is red algae native to oceans in the northern hemisphere where it is also harvested and eaten. Vegetables

Evaporated milk is milk where water has been removed. Sweet tasting but no sugar has been added. Dairy Products

Filé powder (also gumbo filé) is leaves of the sassafras commonly used in North American Creole/Cajun cooking. Spices & Herbs

Flounders are several species of flatfish native to the Northern Atlantic and the Pacific. Fish & Seafood

Garden angelica (also holy ghost, wild celery, Norwegian angelica) is native to Scandinavia and Greenland. Spices & Herbs

Geoduck is a large saltwater clam. A member can protude up to one meter. Native to Northwestern North America. Has become really popular in East Asia, therefor large scale cultivation has commensed. Fish & Seafood

Granadilla a few species related to passion fruit. Native to the Americas. Fruits & Nuts

Grape are various species native to the northern hemisphere. Culturally extremely important it has been cultivated for at least 5000 years. Fruits & Nuts

Haddock is a popular food fish the North Atlantic. Fish & Seafood

Halibut is native to the the North Pacific and the North Atlantic. Can weigh up to 300 kg. not the same as flounder. Fish & Seafood

Hazelnut are several species belonging to the family corylus. Native to temperate regions in the northern hemisphere. Fruits & Nuts

Herring are various species native to the North Atlantic and the North Pacific. Smoked, salted, fried and pickled it has been an importants staple food. Fish & Seafood

Hijiki (also hiziki) is a sea vegetable native to coasts in the northwestern Pacific. It grows wild and is harvested. Vegetables

Hops are the female flowers of several varieties of a plant called “humulus”. Its botanical origins is in temparate regions in the northern hemisphere. Commonly used in beer making. Spices & Herbs

Lingonberry (also cowberry, foxberry, quailberry, mountain cranberry, red whortleberry, lowbush cranberry, mountain bilberry, partridgeberry and redberry) is native to colder temperate areas in Asia, Europe and North America. This acid berry is used to make jams and juices. Fruits & Nuts

Maize (also corn) are various cultivars domesticated by ancient American cultures where they are native. Very important in Africa and the Americas. Grains & Cereals, Vegetables

Malabar gourd (also cidra, fig leaf gourd, Asian pumpkin, pie melon, Siam pumpkin, Thai marrow) is a type of squash and thus with its origins in the Americas where it also was cultivated. Popular in Asia. Vegetables

Medlar are two species. The common medlar is native to Southwest Asia, while Stern´s medlar is native to North America. Fruits & Nuts

Morels are several species native to North America and Europe. Are poisonous so preparation has to be careful. In the 20th century it was found out that they grow on old papermill grounds. You can actually grow them yourself by digging down some newspapers in sandy soil and hope for some spores to arrive. Mushrooms

Mulberry (also Morus) is a number of species af various shapes and colours. They are native to most regions on all continents except Australia. Fruits & Nuts

North American Bison The famous “buffalo” has been farmed since the 19th century. Livestock

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Oroblanco (also sweetie) is a cross between types of grapefruit and pomelo. First bred in California. Fruits & Nuts

Pattypan squash (also sunburst squash, white squash, scaloppini button squash, cymling, scallop squash, granny squash, custard marrow, custard squash) is a type of “summer squash” and thus has its origins in the Americas. Looks like a little pie. Vegetables

Pecan is a nut native to Mexico and US. Fruits & Nuts

Pike is a number of species found in North America, Europe and Russia. Fresh water dwelling but also found in the Baltic Sea. Fish & Seafood

Pumpkin is several big sized cultivars from the family cucurbita that includes squash and gourd, has its botanical origins in the Americas. Very popular in the US. Vegetables

Rabbits are native to all inhabited continents Australia where their introduction has had disastrous consequences for the ecosystem. Have been bred for meat and pelt for over a thousand years. Livestock

Raspberry native to temperate areas in Asia, Europe and North America. Fruits & Nuts

Redcurrant belong to the family ribes. Used to make jellies. Native to temperate areas in the northern hemisphere. The albino version is known as whitecurrant. Fruits & Nuts

Reindeer have been herded by indigenous populations at least since the 17th century. The wild species were native to sub-arctic tundra like environments in the northern hemisphere – Russia, Norway, Sweden, Canada and US etc. Meat and milk is consumed. Livestock

Rose hip is a berry like fruit that grows on of rose bushes native to Europe, North America, Africa and Asia. Used for soups, jams and teas. Fruits & Nuts

Salmon are large species of the salmonidae family that migrate between salt and fresh water. The steelhead kind is what is common in Europe. Domestic to the Northern hemisphere it is also cultivated in Chile and Australia. Fish & Seafood

Sassafras are a few species of trees native to East North America and East Asia. The leaves are used to make filé powder. Spices & Herbs

Stinging nettle (also common nettle) is native to Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America. Is similar and used in same ways as spinach. Spices & Herbs

Strawberry is native to Asia, Europe and the Americas. Fruits & Nuts

Summer squash is a collective name for cousa squash, pattypan squash (Scallop squash), yellow crookneck squash, yellow summer squash and zucchini. All with their origins in the Americas. Vegetables

Sweet corn (also indian corn, sugar corn, pole corn) is a type of maize and the most common cultivar. Is cooked or made into flour. Native to the Americas. Vegetables

Tarragon (also dragon herb, dragon´s wort) is a group of plants native to the northern hemisphere. The kind cultivated in Europe known as French tarragon is regarded as best from a culinary perspective. Spices & Herbs

Tepary bean is native to Central America and southwestern North America. Vegetables

Trout are the freshwater dwelling species of the “salmonidae” family. Native to Europe, Asia and North America – although have been spread to other continents by sport fishing enthusiasts. Fish & Seafood

Walnut are several species native to the northern hemisphere. Fruits & Nuts

Wild rice the wild ancestors of rice is still harvested in parts of North America. There are 4 main species, 3 domestic to North America and one to Asia and Africa. Grains & Cereals

Zucchini (also courgette) are types of squash and thus with ancestry in the Americas. Belong to the “summer squash”. Vegetables

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South & Central America, Caribbean And Mexico

Abiu is native to tropical regions in South America. Fruits & Nuts

Açaí (also aqai, acai) is one of the most popular “super foods” of today. Native to Central and South America. Fruits & Nuts

Acerola (also Barbados cherry, manzanita, West Indian Cherry, wild crapemyrtle) this c-vitamin rich fruit is native to the Caribbean. Fruits & Nuts

Acorn squash is closely related to the zucchini and belong in the “winter squash” family. All cultivars of squash have their ancestral roots in the Americas. Vegetables

Allspice (also Jamaica pepper, kurundu, myrtle pepper, newspice) is native to Central America and the Caribbean. Spices & Herbs

Alpaca is a so camelid and just like the llama realated to a wild species called vicuña which is found in alpine regions in the Andes. Kept for wool and meat for more than 6000 years. Are kept mostly for their meat and their pelt. Livestock

Annato (also achiote, roucou) is native to tropical regions in the Americas. Much used in Central and South America including the Caribbean. Spices & Herbs

Arracacha is a root native to the Andes. Related to the carrot. Vegetables

Atemoya (also mamon, chirimorinon, achta) is a hybrid between sugar apple and cherimoya. Native to tropical regions of Central and South America. Fruits & Nuts

Avocado (also butter pear, alligator pear, abacate, palta,) grows on trees and are native to Central America. There are many different cultivars that differ widely in size and fat content. Fruits & Nuts, Vegetables

Babaco is a papaya like fruit native to Ecuador. Fruits & Nuts

Bacupari is native to the Amazon. Fruits & Nuts

Bell pepper (also sweet pepper, pepper) are milder cultivars of the capsicum native to Mexico, Central and South America. Not related to the spice pepper. Vary in colour according to type and stage of ripeness. Vegetables

Biriba (also rollinia) is native to South America. Related to the custard apple. Fruits & Nuts

Black persimmon (also black sapote, chocolate pudding fruit) is native to Central America and Colombia. Fruits & Nuts

Blackberry are several species that are native to temperate areas in Asia, Europe, North America and South America. Fruits & Nuts

Boldo is native to Chile but has spread all over South America. Spices & Herbs

Brazil nut (also para nut) is native to South America. Fruits & Nuts

Caigua (also ´slipper gourd, lady’s slipper, sparrow gourd) is native to South America and Central America where it was domesticated. Vegetables

Cainito (also caimito, star apple, milk fruit) is native to Central America and the Caribbean. Fruits & Nuts

Calabash tree (also kalebas, huingo, krabasi) is similar but not closely related to the calebash. Native to the Americas. Fruits & Nuts

Candlenut (also candleberry, Indian walnut, kukui nut tree) is native to tropical regions around the world. Common in cuisines in Southeast Asia and on Hawaii. Spices & Herbs

Canella (also cinnamon bark, wild cinnamon) is a tree which bark is similar to true cinnamon but is not related. Native to the Caribbean. Spices & Herbs

Canistel is native to Central America. Fruits & Nuts

Cashew (also caju) is native to the Norheast in Brazil but popular around the world. Both the fruit and the “nut” is used. Fruits & Nuts

Cassabanana (also siskana, musk cucumber) is native to tropical regions of South America. Fruits & Nuts

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Cassava (also yuca, manioc, aipim) is a root vegetable native to South America and perhaps West Africa but has spread around the world and is an important staple food in Africa. Eaten cooked or made into flour. Vegetables

Cayenne pepper (also Guinea spice, aleva, bird pepper) is a type of chili pepper. Cultivated first in Guine, South America. In its powdered form known as red pepper. Spices & Herbs

Charichuelo (lemon drop mangosteen, bumpy lemon, rheedia) is native to South America. Fruits & Nuts

Chaya (also tree spinach) is a shrub with leafy edible plants native to Mexico. Vegetables

Chayote (also chuchu, christophene, vegetable pear, pear squash) is native to Central America. Vegetables

Cherimoya (also sugar apple, sweetsop) is native to Andean regions of South America. Also known as custard apple but there are various species with the same name. Fruits & Nuts

Chili pepper (also chilli, pimenta malagueta) is native to South and Central America though widely spread around the world for hundreds of years. Spices & Herbs, Vegetables

Chipotle is a smoke dried jalapeño chili native to Central America. Spices & Herbs

Cocoa (also cacao) is native to Central and South America. Fruits & Nuts

Coconut is found in tropical regions around the world. Has spread with the help of currents and migration. Fresh green coconut are popular for its liquid. The dried older coconuts provide the white pulp from which many products are made, among them coconut milk. Fruits & Nuts

Cocoplum is native to tropical regions in the Americas. Fruits & Nuts

Common bean is the name for the bean that was cultivated by ancient cultures in Central and South America. Eaten fresh when green, most of the times dried and then cooked. There are many sub species like the black bean (also black turtle), pinto (also mottled bean) pink, borlotto (also strawberry bean, romano bean), shell beans, yellow bean, white bean (also navy bean) and red bean (also kidney bean, chili bean). All these species have their ancestral botanical roots in the Americas. Vegetables

Corn smut is a kind of disease found on maize. Known as huitlacoche in Latin America where it is native. Common in Mexican cuisine. Mushrooms

Culantro (also Mexican coriander, shadow benny, wild coriander, long coriander, fitweed, spiritweed, duck-tongue herb, sawtooth, saw leaf herb) is native to South and Central America. Similar to coriander in taste but not related. Common in cuisines worldwide. Spices & Herbs

Custard apple (also bullocks´s heart, bull´s heart) is native to tropical regions of the Americas. Fruits & Nuts

Deer have only recently started to be domesticated for meat production. Deer are native to all continents except Australia and Antarctica. Livestock

Duck just like the chicken, duck are believed to first have been domesticated wild ducks (called mallards) in Southeast Asia, this several thousands of years BC. In the Americas another breed was domesticated, the Muscovy, this was before Columbus. Duck provide meat and eggs. Livestock

Dulce de leche is caramelized milk used in desserts. It has its origin in South America. Dairy Products

Epazote (also wormseed, Jesuit´s tea, Mexican tea) is a herb native to the Americas. Common in Central American cooking. Spices & Herbs

Feijoa (also pineapple guava, guavasteen) is native to highlands in South America. Fruits & Nuts

Goitenyo (also jacatupe, Amazonian yam bean) is a root vegetable native to South America’s rainforests. Vegetables

Golden apple (also jobo, yellow mombin, hog plum, java plum, Spanish plum) is native to tropical regions in South and Central America. Fruits & Nuts

Granadilla a few species related to passion fruit. Native to the Americas. Fruits & Nuts

Grapefruit is a very bitter variety of sweet orange that came to be in Barbados. Fruits & Nuts

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Guarana (also cherimoya) is native to tropical regions of Brazil. Often made into a powder, a natural stimulant. Fruits & Nuts

Guava this popular tropical fruit is native to Central America and northern South America. Fruits & Nuts

Huacatay (also mint marigold, Mexican marigold, wild marigold, stinking Roger) is a culinary herb native to South America. Spices & Herbs

Huito (also marmalade box, jenipapo) is native to South and Central America. Fruits & Nuts

Ice cream bean is native to the Amazon. Vegetables

Ilama similar to the cherimoya, native to Central America. Fruits & Nuts

Jabuticaba (also Brazilian grape tree) is native to Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil. Fruits & Nuts

Jícama (also yam bean, yam, Mexican turnip) is a root vegetable native to tropical and sub tropical regions in South America. Vegetables

Kañiwa is a species of goosefoot and is a close relative of quinoa. Is native to Andean South America. Grains & Cereals

Lima bean (also butter bean, haba bean, guffin bean, hibbert bean, sieva bean, Rangoon bean, Madagascar bean, prolific bean, civet bean, sugar bean, pallar bean, Burma bean) has its origins in Central and South America. Vegetables

Llama The camel of South America is bred from the alpine living vicuña that were domesticated over 5000 years ago by tribes in western South America. The meat from the Llama is eaten. Livestock

Lúcuma (also lucuma,lucmo, eggfruit) is native to Andean regions in South America. Fruits & Nuts

Maize (also corn) are various cultivars domesticated by ancient American cultures where they are native. Very important in Africa and the Americas. Grains & Cereals, Vegetables

Malabar gourd (also cidra, fig leaf gourd, Asian pumpkin, pie melon, Siam pumpkin, Thai marrow) is a type of squash and thus with its origins in the Americas where it also was cultivated. Popular in Asia. Vegetables

Mamey sapote is native to Mexico. Fruits & Nuts

Mammee apple (also mamey, Santo Domingo apricot, South American apricot) is native to tropical regions of South America. Fruits & Nuts

Mamoncillo (also genip) is native to tropical regions in South and Central America. Fruits & Nuts

Monster fruit (also ceriman, cheese plant, fruit salad plant) this smelly fruit is native to rainforests in Central America. Fruits & Nuts

Mountain soursop is native to Central America and the Caribbean. Fruits & Nuts

Mulberry (also Morus) is a number of species af various shapes and colours. They are native to most regions on all continents except Australia. Fruits & Nuts

Nance (also savanna serrette, golden spoon) is a small fruit native to tropical parts of the Americas. Fruits & Nuts

Naranjilla (also lulo) is native to northwestern South America. Fruits & Nuts

New Zealand spinach (also warrigal greens, sea spinach, botany bay spinach, tetragon, Cook’s cabbage) is native to New Zealand, Australia, Japan, Chile and Argentina) is cultivated for its green leaves that are eaten fresh. Vegetables

Nopal is a cactus fruit native to Mexico. Vegetables

Papaya (also paw paw, mamão) is native to Central America and northern South America. Fruits & Nuts

Paprika (also paprika powder) is the result of grinding dried bell peppers or chili peppers, both domesticated species native to South and Central America. Spices & Herbs

Passion fruit (also maracujá, galendar) is native to southern Brazil, Paraguay and northern Argentina. There are various cultivars of different shapes, colours and sizes – the large yellow and the small purple are two examples. Fruits & Nuts

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Patagonian toothfish is an endangered species. They dwell in temperate to cold Southern Oceans in depths down to almost 4000 meters. Fish & Seafood

Pattypan squash (also sunburst squash, white squash, scaloppini button squash, cymling, scallop squash, granny squash, custard marrow, custard squash) is a type of “summer squash” and thus has its origins in the Americas. Looks like a little pie. Vegetables

Peach palm fruit (also pewa, pupunha) is a fruit native to Central and South America. Fruits & Nuts

Peanut (also earthnuts, ground nuts, goober peas, monkey nuts, amendoim, pygmy nuts, pig nuts) this nut has its origin in South America. Today it is popular all over the world. Fruits & Nuts

Pecan is a nut native to Mexico and US. Fruits & Nuts

Pepino (also pepino melon, melon pear) is native to South America. Fruits & Nuts

Pepper (also capsicum, bell pepper, paprika, chili peppers) is native to the Americas. Various sizes and cultivars are either treated as spices or vegetables. Vegetables

Pequi (also souari nut) is a fruit native to Brazil and Paraguay. Fruits & Nuts

Persimmon is a collective name for several species. The mabolo of the Philippines, the black persimmon of Mexico and the by far most common Japanese persimmon (also known as kaki, shizi or sharon) native to China. Fruits & Nuts

Physalis (also Cape gooseberry, golden berry) is native to South America. Fruits & Nuts

Pineapple (also ananas) is native to Paraguay and southern Brazil. Fruits & Nuts

Pink peppercorns (also Brazilian pepper, rose pepper) is not related to other plants that give peppercorns. Native to South America. Spices & Herbs

Pitanga (Surinam cherry, Brazilian cherry, Cayenne cherry) is a small fruit native to tropical regions in the Americas. Fruits & Nuts

Pitaya (dragonfruit) is native to tropical regions in Central and South America. Fruits & Nuts

Platonia (also bacuri, maniballi, naranjillo, bacurizeiro) is native to South America. Fruits & Nuts

Potato is a tuber. All the cultivars of today are believed to have a common origin in wild varieties found in Peru but most of them were cultivated in ancient Chile. When it arrived in Europe it changed history. Vegetables

Pumpkin is several big sized cultivars from the family cucurbita that includes squash and gourd, has its botanical origins in the Americas. Very popular in the US. Vegetables

Quinoa is cultivated from a type of goosefoot native to South and Central America. It was first cultivated about 4000 BC in the ancient Andean cultures. Grains & Cereals

Rabbits are native to all inhabited continents Australia where their introduction has had disastrous consequences for the ecosystem. Have been bred for meat and pelt for over a thousand years. Livestock

Rhea is a large flightless bird native to South America. It has been farmed since the 20th century, provide meat, eggs and feathers. Livestock

Runner bean (also scarlet runner bean) is native to Central America. Vegetables

Sapodilla is native to Central America and the Caribbean. Fruits & Nuts

Sonoya native to Central America, similar to cherimoya. Fruits & Nuts

Sorghum is native to warmer regions around the world. Important in Africa, and southern Asia and Central America. Grains & Cereals

Soursop (also graviola) is native to tropical regions of South and Central America. Fruits & Nuts

Squash is collective name for cultivars of both so called “winter-” and “summer squash”. Native to the Americas. Vegetables

Strawberry is native to Asia, Europe and the Americas. Fruits & Nuts

Sugar apple (also sweetsop) is native to the Americas and southern Asia. Also known as custard apple and can thus be confused with the other species. Fruits & Nuts

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Summer squash is a collective name for cousa squash, pattypan squash (Scallop squash), yellow crookneck squash, yellow summer squash and zucchini. All with their origins in the Americas. Vegetables

Sunflower is several species. Originally native to Central America. Grown for its seeds that are used as grains and to provide oil. Fruits & Nuts

Sweet corn (also indian corn, sugar corn, pole corn) is a type of maize and the most common cultivar. Is cooked or made into flour. Native to the Americas. Vegetables

Sweet potato (also kumara) is a root vegetable native to tropical regions in South and Central America where it was first cultivated. Vegetables

Tamarillo (also tree tomato) is native to Andean regions in South America. Fruits & Nuts

Tepary bean is native to Central America and southwestern North America. Vegetables

Tomatillo (also green tomato, husk tomato, jam berry, husk cherry, Mexican tomato, ground cherry) is native to Central and South America. Not related to the tomato, rather to physalis. Vegetables

Tomato is original native to highlands in South America. The earliest cultivars were a lot smaller and all yellow. Vegetables

Toothache plant (also paracress) is a plant native to tropical Brazil. Used as a spice and a herb in cooking mainly in North Brazil. Spices & Herbs

Turkey are related to wild turkey native to Mexico. We know they were domesticated by Mayans at least 2000 years ago. They are bred for meat and eggs. Livestock

Vanilla is derived from an orchid native to Mexico. True vanilla is very expensive. Spices & Herbs

Waterleaf (also Surinam purslane, Philippine spinach, sweetheart, Florida spinach, Ceylon spinach) is a leafy herb important in tropical regions around the world. Native to both the New and the Old World. Vegetables

Yacón is a root vegetable native to Andean South America. Sweet. Vegetables

Zucchini (also courgette) are types of squash and thus with ancestry in the Americas. Belong to the “summer squash”. Vegetables

 


 

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